SAP HANA functional module allows organizations to store relational and column-oriented data in the cloud and on-premises. With the help of SAP HANA, users can store the data applications and perform activities like analytics, spatial data processing, and also ETL (extract, transfer, and load) processes. In this SAP S/4 HANA architecture post, we will explain what SAP HANA is, the architecture overview, its components, and storage types. Let’s begin;
SAP HANA (HANA) is a relational database management system (RDBMS). SAP HANA is column-oriented and uses in-memory storage to offer faster data access and processing of data on both traditional as well as persistent data storage. SAP S/4 HANA application can be used in both on-premise and cloud environments.
The major functionalities of SAP H/4 HANA include are.
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SAP H/4 HANA (business suite) provides business-driven approaches for designing an optimal and intelligent ERP (enterprise resource planning) transformation. The SAP H/4 HANA architecture is simple, business-driven, agile, and scalable to provide certain application scenarios.
The SAP S/4 HANA architecture diagram is as follows;
We have divided the SAP H/4 HANA architecture into four blocks, let us explain them one by one;
The primary components of the SAP S/4 HANA architecture are;
SAP S/4 HANA client libraries are
Imported to the various applications and later used to connect them to the data engines. Examples for the HANA client libraries are; Predictive analytical library (PAL) and the business function library (BFL).
The SAP HANA index server is a primary server that is used to store and process the data. It consists of multiple sub-components they are;
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SAP S/4 HANA application consists of multiple storage types to process the workloads. The storage type will be determined by the type of data and configuration you are using.
*Note: Usually SAP S/4 HANA automatically determines the storage types, if you want you can configure manually.
The types of SAP S/4 HANA storage;
The column storage is a default storage type in the SAP H/4 HANA. With the help of column storage, you can read or write the column data without calling the entire row.
The benefits of using the column storage type;
Row-based storage is the traditional type of database storage. It is not the most preferred storage type because it slowers the system performance. If you need to frequently access a single row or you want to use a temporary table, the row storage type is an ideal one.
In your HANA system, if the RAM (Random access memory) consists of both main and delta storage, then the data transaction process will be fast and time consuming.
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There are various options available to host the SAP S/4 HANA in the cloud. The SAP enterprise cloud is a private and managed service based on the cloud.
There are three major cloud platforms available;
Let us explain them one by one;
In Azure, you can host on SAP certified virtual machines (VMs) and you can also either transfer already existing SAP license through Microsoft.
With the help of Amazon web service you can host a combination of virtual private clouds (VPC) services such as EC2, and EBS resources. In AWS, you can use either memory-optimized or standard SAP-certified instances.
In GCP, you can configure the application/product deployment with either a single-host or multi-host storage system.
SAP H/4 HANA architecture post brings you complete knowledge of Architecture framework, components, and storage types. In recent times, we have decided to concentrate more on the functional module’s core concepts to help our audience to enhance their skill sets in a specific concept. SAP H/4 HANA is a business-driven application and is widely used in Relational database management systems. Learning SAP H/4 HANA enables you to gather more information on cloud computing applications as well as license/certification info. We bring you more advanced concepts of SAP S/4 HANA, stay tuned to explore yourself as an SAP HANA consultant.
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