Managing items and their price is not quite an easy task, and also consumes a lot of time to define them. So to overcome all these difficulties we have come up with the easiest method in the SAP SD functional module, which is known as item categorizing. Today in this article we are going to explain the types of item categories, their needs, and how to create them using various t-codes.
An item category in the SAP Sales and distribution defines the items which are based on the proper pricing/billing. The item categories also provide the additional functional flow. One more important thing to keep in mind is that standardized items are completely different from free-of-charge items.
Users can also define the item categories based on the Sales SD document types and they can also customize (add/modify the existing item categories).
In general, an item category can be differentiated into three sub-categories;
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Item categorization lists and their description:
This section indicates how can we create an item category in Sales SD;
Once entered all the details -> click on the “Save” button to save all the details.
In any Sales document type, the items are divided into one or more schedule line categories. Users can also define the schedule line categories using the control statements and then copied to the SAP systems.
The schedule line category usually contains the below information such as;
*Note: The different control statements which are related to general data, and shipping data can be used to define the schedule line category.
The schedule line category can also be divided into the following information;
The schedule line categorization will be differentiated into the item categorizations and the material planning as per the MRP rates. The schedule line categories can be defined automatically based on the values in the corresponding sales value tables. In some cases, users can also customize the schedule line categories as per their requirements.
Now let’s see how we can define the schedule line category:
The schedule line can be defined as;
Here we will see how to define the schedule line categories in various sales documents:
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The steps include creating the schedule line category:
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Pricing is a process that defines the calculation of the prices for the external vendors/consumers, customers, and cost. Users can also define the pricing using conditional statements in the SAP system.
The various pricing elements available are;
If you want to define pricing, it's mandatory to create a conditional statement in the SAP system.
Here we are going to talk about manual pricing;
Manual pricing is a type of pricing where you can fix the price on individual conditions. Usually, with the help of manual pricing, we can perform the following activities;
The navigation to define pricing:
Go to the add line -> enter the additional conditions -> define the customer discount -> enter the percentage range -> click “enter”.
To delete the pricing follow the below steps;
First, select the particular condition by putting the cursor on that place -> click on the “delete line”.
If anyone is dreaming about starting their career as an SAP SD consultant, I think this is the best article to read and kick start your career. In this SAP sales item category we have tried to cover all the necessary concepts and structures. To get more updates on the SAP systems, follow and read the articles frequently.
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