Pega Testing

Pega is an industry-leading ‘low-code’ platform that helps businesses to unify their processes and customer journeys from end to end. Pega delivers innovative software that crushes business complexity. PEGA is also abbreviated as Programs in Extra-Galactic Astronomy. Pega enables creating and managing web-based applications with less effort. PEGA is becoming popular because of that, though most conventional programmers would disagree. A PEGA developer is a skilled programmer who is responsible for designing and deploying enterprise-level applications of PEGA PRPC. Pega has paved the way for leading case management for encompassing all the business use cases. In this article let us learn about Pega Testing in detail.

Pega Testing - Table of Content

What is Pega ?

Pega is a java-based business process management tool which is used to build enterprise applications. PEGA is a widely popular BPM tool developed on Java concepts. Main advantage of PEGA is that we don't have to build the system from scratch like any conventional programming. Pega enables creating and managing web-based applications with less effort. Among all the BPM tools in the market, Pega is the leading and No.1 tool according to market standards far beyond its competitors. All the components involved in a web-based application are in-built in pega like the integration with Oracle Databases and other external systems. 

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Features of Pega

Pega consists of various features such as Customization, Collaboration, Process      Management, Application Design, Data Control and Publishing.

Customization

It involves document generation, process design, process repository & no-code app development.

Collaboration

It involves the permissions for sharing, data unification & accessibility.

Process Management

It involves the process analysis.

Application Design

Application design involves the UI code extending, programming code extending & customized branding.

Data Control

 It involves data synchronization.

Publishing

 It involves the application deployment, platform compatibility & lifecycle management.

What is Pega Testing?

Pega testing is a different practice from traditional manual testing software. Pega includes an in-built feature of automation testing AUT-Automated Unit Testing or PEGA Automated Unit Test. Pega is a PRPC developed, licensed and marketed by pegasystems. Using java and OOP, Pega is designed and basically helps to create interfaces for business analytics, systems analysts and developers. Pega testing is the research carried out on applications of pega. It is the ideal tool for unit testing efficiency. Users will be able to test the Decision Rules, Automated Regression Testing, integrations and flow rules by adding the pega unit testing function to the Pega instrument.

The Testing Management Framework (TMF), Manual Testing and Regressive Testing skills are mandatory for performing PEGA Testing. PEGA is the perfect tool for performing unit testing. Pega testing is developed in an agile model. Pega is a software development tool for CRM and BPM applications. Peaga is a quick spreading tool which made millions of users satisfied.

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Pega Testing Concept

The automation test suite within PEGA testing comprises various things. It includes API-based Unit Testing, UI-based scenario testing. UI-based testing involves scenario testing and test ID. API-based functional testing involves PEGA API, REST API, and SOAP APIs.

Pega Unit Testing

Pega Unit Testing is a key stage of a continuous development and continuous integration model of application development. With continuous and thorough testing, issues are identified and fixed prior to releasing an application, which improves the application quality. Automated unit testing involves creating unit test cases for tests that are run against individual rules, grouping multiple test cases into test sites, running the tests and viewing the results. When the tests run, the results are compared to the expected results that are defined in assertions. The following rules can be tested using the latest pega version. They are essential to improve the overall quality of the application.

  • Activities
  • Data Pages
  • Flows
  • When Rules
  • Data Transform
  • Case Types

Pega Unit Test Results consist of the following aspects.

Pega Unit: Convenient Assertion Types

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Expected run-time

You can create an assertion for the expected run time of the rule. The expected run-time assertion is less than or equal to an amount of time that you specify, in seconds.

Result count

You can configure assertions to compare the number of items returned in a page list, page group, value list or value group on the rule to the result that you expect to see on the clipboard.

Property

You can configure property assertions to validate that the actual values of properties returned by a rule are the expected values. You can also assert if a property has an error and, if it does, what the message is so that you can validate that the message is correct.

List

 You can create list assertions for page lists on a rule to determine if either the expected result is anywhere in the list of results returned by the rule. Even if the order of results changes, the test will continue the work.

Page

Some rules, such as activities and data transforms, can create or remove pages from the system. You can create page assertions to determine whether or not a page exists after a unit test case runs. You can also assert if a property has an error and, if it does, what the message is so that you can validate that the message is correct.

Decision result

After you create a unit test case for a decision table or decision tree, the system generates a decision result assertion. This assertion displays the input values for testing the rule, and the result that is generated by the rule.

Assigned to

For flows and case types, you can use the assigned assertion to verify that an assignment is routed to the appropriate work queue or operator.

Case Status

You can configure a case status assertion on a flow or case type to verify the status of the case.

Attachment Exists

For flows and case types, you can verify that the flow or case type has an attachment of type file or note (attached using the attach content shape) or email (attached using the send email shape) attached.

Case instance count

For flows and case types, you can verify the number of cases that were created when the case type or flow was run.

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Page Unit: Testing a Data Page

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Test a data page to ensure that you get the expected results by using the run rule feature before testing it in the context of the application that you are developing. Additionally, you can convert the test run into a Pega unit test case for reuse.

  • In the navigation pane of Dev Studio, click Records.
  • Expand the Data Model category, and then click the data page.
  • Open the data page that you want to test.
  • Click Actions then Run.
  • From the Thread list in the Run context pane, select the thread in which you want to run the rule.
  • In the main test page, enter values for parameters, if any, to pass to the rule.
  • Select the Flush all instances of this data page before the execution checkbox to delete any existing instances of the selected data page.
  • Click Run.
  • To convert the test into a unit test case for automated testing, click convert to test, and then configure the test case. 
  • Click show clipboard to open the clipboard and examine the pages that are generated by the unit test.
  • If the rule has errors, click Trace to debug the rule with the tracer tool.

Pega Unit : Testing a Decision Rules

Unit test decision rules consist of tables, when rules, decision trees, map values, collections and declare expressions.

Decision table

You can test a decision table, individually, before testing it in the context of the application that you are developing.

Decision tree

You can use the run rule feature to test a decision tree individually before testing it in the context of the application that you are developing.

When rule

You can test a when rule individually, before testing it in the context of the application that you are developing.

Map value

 you can test a map value individually, before testing it in the context of the application that you are developing.

Collection

You can test a collection individually, before testing it in the context of the application that you are developing.

Declare expression

You can test a declare expression individually, before testing it in the context of the application that you are developing.

Pega Unit: Test Suites

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To create a unit test suite, add test cases and test suites to the suite and then modify the order in which you want them to run. You can also modify the context in which to save the scenario test suite, such as the development branch or the ruleset. Test suites consist of the following types.

  • Smoke Test Suite
  • Feature A Test Suite
  • Feature C Test Suite

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Pega Scenario Testing

Pega Scenario testing allows users to create UI-based, end-to-end scenarios to test your application. The operator who has access to the runtime toolbar captures scenario tests in the context of the application portal. Use the automation recorder on the runtime toolbar to create or modify a scenario test. Pega Scenario Testing consists of the following.

frequently asked Pega Interview questions and Answers !!

Model-Based Scenario Testing (UI-based tests)

Scenario tests are run against a user interface to verify that the end-to-end scenarios are functioning correctly. The UI-based scenario testing tool allows developers to focus on creating functional and useful tests, rather than writing complex code, for single page applications (SPAs).

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Model-Based Scenario Testing (Run scenario tests)

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Model-Based Scenario Testing: Scenario Test Case

Scenario Test case is a set of actions executed to verify a particular feature or functionality of your software application. Test case contains test steps, test data, precondition, post condition developed for specific test scenario to verify any requirement. The test case includes specific variables or conditions, using which a testing engineer can compare expected and actual results to determine whether a software product is functioning as per the requirements of the customer.

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Running a scenario test

Running a test scenario on a server is a quick way to validate that the events and entities in your solution are working as you expect. You can run any number of test scenarios on a server and easily modify and run any test scenario again if necessary.

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Creating a Scenario test case

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Create an automated test for the submit request process to ensure that the user interface and end-to-end process flow function correctly. The following steps are involved in the creation of the Scenario test case.

  • Click on Create test case option.
  • Click through the UI to record scenario test steps & create assertions.
  • Save the test case when done.

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 Conclusion :

In this blog we have discussed about the Pega testing & Pega testing concepts. Pega Testing is away from conventional practices of testing & is a different practice from traditional manual testing software. PEGA Testing refers to testing executed on PEGA apps. Pega Testing is the research carried out on applications of pega and it is the ideal tool for unit testing efficiency. Finally, we can say that Pega Testing  is very useful for all the users.

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Kavya Gowda
Kavya Gowda
Research Analyst
Kavya works for HKR Trainings institute as a technical writer with diverse experience in many kinds of technology-related content development. She holds a graduate education in the Computer science and Engineering stream. She has cultivated strong technical skills from reading tech blogs and also doing a lot of research related to content. She manages to write great content in many fields like Programming & Frameworks, Enterprise Integration, Web Development, SAP, and Business Process Management (BPM). Connect her on LinkedIn and Twitter.