The market is a highly volatile environment. This turbulence only gets worse during crises, which may radically alter everything from supply chain operations to whole business models. The disruptions caused by COVID 19 are prime examples of the same. It makes it even more difficult for managers to implement long-term changes in their organizations in this constantly dynamic environment. Despite this, institutions ranging from aircraft manufacturing to tax authorities have persevered, relying on Agile as well as Lean management. Both techniques have demonstrated their utility as integrated solutions for assisting in performance improvement. Agile, as well as Lean, are dynamic, swift, and end-user-focused concepts that assist teams in rapidly developing and producing quality goods and services. On the other hand, users may be puzzled by the concept of Lean vs Agile as both of them have similar principles and achieve similar results. In this article, we’ll learn more about these concepts.
Lean Management is a governance and task organization strategy based on Toyota's production process that aims to improve a firm's productivity, particularly the quality and value of its output.
Lean Management improves processes by minimizing time consumed on value-less tasks (unneeded activities or transportation, waiting, overproduction, and so on), as well as quality issues and complexities. The two major goals of lean management are Maximum satisfaction of customers and Employee success.
Lean methodology is a corporate strategy that emphasizes continuous improvements and appreciation of people in order to increase the stream of value to consumers. The lean methodology paradigm is guided by these two basic notions in the following way:
As industry, technologies, and consumer demands change, the lean methodology evolves, but at its heart, it continues to foster sensible decisions, better access to knowledge, and a heavy focus on giving value to customers.
Agile is a cyclical technique used for project management & software design processes that enable teams to deliver value to clients efficiently with minimal hassles. A corporation that is agile adapts rapidly to changing markets as well as workplace conditions. Such businesses recognize that change is unavoidable, so they assess their systems and practices on a regular basis to ensure that they have been favorable to optimal work engagement, satisfaction, and productivity.
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The Agile methodology is a style of project management that divides a project into segments. It necessitates ongoing engagement with stakeholders as well as continual development at each stage. Teams revolve through a sequence of planning, implementing, and assessing once the job begins. Collaboration is essential among team members as well as project stakeholders.
In recent times, the usage of Agile as a project management methodology has skyrocketed. Agile development approaches will soon be adopted in 85% of any and all software creation projects, according to Gartner. It has evolved into a blanket term encompassing a number of planning, administration, and technological approaches and processes for iteratively managing projects, software development, and additional products and services. Some such examples are Scrum, by far, the most common and popular software development approach, Kanban, and XP (eXtreme Programming or Paired Programming).
Technical approaches that facilitate Automated Tests, Continuous Integration/ Seamless Delivery/ Distribution (CI/ CD), and an ever-shortening release cycle for software as well as other goods, are also included in Agile methodology. Most of these activities belong under the blanket term - DevOps.
Although different concepts, several similarities exist between the two methodologies, some of which are:
Let us now look at how these two concepts differ.
Persistent improvement and customer satisfaction are prioritized in agile development. The Agile method uses a cyclical development process and active client involvement from beginning to end by the Agile team. The Agile method uses a cyclical development process and active client involvement from beginning to end by the Agile team.
The goal of the Lean Methodology is to reduce risk and eliminate waste. The production time reduces and increases efficiency when you eliminate everything that isn't helping the project achieve its final aim.
The scope of the project and the utility to the client are at the heart of agile projects. You prioritize the value proposition at the conclusion of each sprint and make improvements in the next cycle.
Lean methodology, however, is mostly about increasing process efficacy and quality. The importance of process development and quality is highlighted, with a strong emphasis on the absence of faults.
A team following the Agile methodology consists of a group with limited members who, generally, are:
In Lean methodology, on the other hand, several Lean teams are created, which are made up of employees from various essential areas. A 'Team Leader' oversees the group and solo initiatives in each group. The Lean team participants should be competent, but they don't require to be self-organized or interdisciplinary all of the time.
When the needs change frequently, the Agile methodology provides better flexibility and hence may prove to be more efficient to use.
In the midst of continuous change in requirements, Lean methodology is relatively rigid and may present complexities.
To accomplish tasks more rapidly, agile teams operate in short development cycles. Loops and sprints are usually 2-4 weeks long.
By optimizing process flow, lean teams can minimize the duration of the project timetable. They usually limit their labor in procedures, which reduces the project's overall time frame. There is no predetermined timeline, unlike Agile.
An Agile environment enables the construction of a project in brief iterative and cumulative cycles, known as sprints. It's a strategy of dividing any project, down into segments, each of which includes planning, execution, testing, and assessment. This is accomplished by going a single step at a time till the goal is met.
By making small, continual adjustments all through the production process, the Lean approach strives to enhance efficiency. This can result in quicker development cycles, although it is not Lean's main objective.
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Here are some of the key benefits that you can avail by following the Lean Methodology:
Many benefits are accrued by those who follow the Agile methodology:
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While a valuable approach, Lean is not without its own sets of disadvantages:
Some of the disadvantages of Agile are:
Both Lean, as well as, Agile provide a set of guidelines that can be used in application development to ensure that the appropriate product is provided as soon and efficiently as feasible. While the basic principles of Lean and Agile have been compared in this piece, it's crucial to recognize that they are not mutually incompatible. When it comes to project management, companies could be both, Lean as well as Agile.
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Both lean and agile provides team patterns, modes of operating, and tools that can be used in whichever way an organization sees fit. The elements of the two systems are extremely complementary because they are based on the same underlying concepts. Optimal efficiency is frequently realized not solely via lean or agile but through a fusion of the two approaches.
The 7 principles of Lean are:
The 4 core values of Agile are as follows:
Sort (Seiri), Set in Order (Seiton), Shine (Seiso), Standardize (Seiketsu), and Sustain (Shitsuke) are the 5S pillars that provide a technique for organizing, tidying, developing, and maintaining a productive workplace.