Selenium Grid is indeed a smart proxy server which allows you to run tests on multiple machines in parallel. This is accomplished by routing commands to remote web browser instances, with one server serving as a hub. This hub sends JSON-formatted test commands to multiple registered Grid nodes.
Hub allows for the implementation of tests on multiple devices at the same time, centrally trying to manage multiple computers rather than running separate tests for each of them. Selenium Grid simplifies cross-browser testing by allowing a single test to be run on multiple machines and browsers at the same time, allowing for easy analysis and comparison of the results.
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The Selenium Grid architecture is comprised of two major elements:
Selenium Grid should be used by testers in the following situations:
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Selenium Grid shortens the time it takes for test results to be returned. It comes in handy especially when the test suite is large and takes a long time to run. It provides flexibility and expands test coverage in a short period of time. Maintenance is simplified now that the virtual infrastructure is in place.
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Below are the steps for the selenium grid configuration.
Download the Selenium Server Standalone package before you begin. This package is a jar file that contains the Hub, WebDriver, and legacy RC required to run the Grid. To get started with Selenium Grid, you must first install Java and configure the environment variables.
The Selenium Grid's hub seems to be the central point that routes JSON test commands to the nodes. It expects to receive client test requests and routes them to the appropriate nodes. To install the Selenium Hub, launch the command prompt and navigate to the directory containing the Selenium Server Standalone jar file (downloaded in Step 1).
java -jar selenium-server-standalone-
This will immediately begin the Hub on port 4444 by default. Testers can change the default port by specifying it as an optional parameter port.
while the command is being executed Unless someone is using an exotic network configuration or networking with VPN, testers do not need to specify the hostname because it can be determined automatically. In that case, specifying the host is required.
To check the status of the hub, launch a browser and go to https://localhost:4444/grid/console.
Whether testers want to run a grid with new WebDriver functionality, Selenium 1 RC functionality, or both at the same time, they must use the same Selenium Server Standalone jar file to start the nodes. To start nodes, launch the command prompt and navigate to the directory containing the Selenium Server Standalone jar file.
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java -jar selenium-server-standalone-
When the -role option is not specified and the port is not the hub, the default port is 5555. As a result, it is critical to define the -role to be a node in this case.
When testers start the nodes, it allows 11 browsers to run concurrently, including 5 Firefox, 5 Chrome, and 1 Internet Explorer. It also allows testers to run up to 5 concurrent tests by default.
By configuring nodes, testers can change this and other browser settings. This is accomplished by passing parameters to each of the -browser switches that represent a node based on the parameters.
When the -browser parameter is specified, the default browser settings are ignored, and only the parameters specified in the command line are used.
Let us illustrate this with the installation of four Firefox version 4 nodes on a Windows machine.
Map the location of each binary to the compatible version on the same machine if the machine has multiple versions of Firefox.
Consider the following scenario: there are two versions of Firefox, 3.6 and 4, on the same Windows machine that must be used at 5 and 4 instances, including both.
-browser browserName=firefox,version=3.6,firefox_binary=/home/myhomedir/firefox36/firefox,maxInstances=5,platform=WINDOWS -browser browserName=firefox,version=4,firefox_binary=/home/myhomedir/firefox4/firefox,maxInstances=4,platform=WINDOWS
As a result, testers can configure the nodes to meet their cross-browser testing needs, using the desired combination of browsers, versions, and operating systems.
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After completing the Selenium Grid setup in the preceding four steps, testers can access the grid to run tests. When using Selenium 1 RC nodes, testers can use the DefaultSelenium object and pass it in the hub formation using the following command.
Selenium selenium = new DefaultSelenium(“localhost”, 4444, “*firefox”, “https://www.browserstack.com”);
If testers use Remote WebDriver nodes, they must define the browser, version, and platform and use the RemoteWebDriver and DesiredCapabilities objects. Create the following target browser capabilities to run the test on:
DesiredCapabilities capability = DesiredCapabilities.firefox();
Pass this set of browser capabilities into the RemoteWebDriver object once it has been created:
WebDriver driver = new RemoteWebDriver(new URL("https://localhost:4444/wd/hub"), capability);
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Selenium Grid allows you to run tests on multiple browsers, browser versions, and machines at the same time. After learning how to use Selenium Grid, testers can use parallel testing on BrowserStack's Cloud Selenium Grid to ensure cross-platform interoperability of their web apps.The Grid provides teams with instant access to over 2000 real browsers and devices of various versions, manufacturers, and operating systems. real desktop computers, iOS, and Android devices
Using Selenium Grid, it would aid in maintaining a good end-user experience that adheres to the agile development approach.
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