Front End Technologies

When you walk through any street or place in a city, the first things that catch your eye are likely the front designs of the shopping malls, restaurants, stores, and others. They grab your attention just at the first look and attract you to watch. The reflective and attractive surfaces and the illuminated interiors will make you go inside. The same thing works on webpages and websites on the internet as well. Here comes the role of front-end technologies.

You will get several search results whenever you search for any specific topic over the internet. Among them, you will go with user-friendly websites that are attractive and easy to use. Moreover, the attractive web pages we browse online result from front-end development. The front-end development includes the creation of attractive user interfaces. It helps users interact with and use the web application directly to find information.

However, front-end development is quite difficult for developers as it requires continuous updates with the inception of new tools and technologies. Hence, the developer needs to update and improve with every new release of the technologies.

This blog will teach you about the various front-end technologies and their pros and cons. But before you dive into this blog, you should grasp the basic idea of front-end development.

What is Front End Development?

Front-end development is the crucial part of web development that deals with the user interface and user experience of a website/application. It makes the website or application visible to the end user. Also, front-end development involves creating attractive visual elements that users interact with. These include menus, buttons, GUI components, images, forms, etc. Moreover, the front-end view is simply the website we see, which includes our interaction with the web and its various actions.

Many developers use the best front-end development languages that give the website attractive looks and designs, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Further, the front-end developers make the web app or website more responsive and mobile-friendly so that it fits best to different screen sizes and devices.

Front-end developers also ensure that the website or web application is responsive and mobile-friendly, which can adapt to different screen sizes and devices. Also, they look after the performance optimation of the website, which helps in faster loading and ensures smooth interactions.

Front End Technologies List

Front-end technologies include languages, frameworks, tools, and libraries to build attractive web pages or apps. To become a front-end developer, you must know the following list of the most trending and highly useful front-end technologies.

  • HTML5 Boilerplate
  • CSS
  • React.Js
  • Angular.Js
  • Vue.Js
  • Bootstrap
  • JavaScript
  • Flutter
  • NPM
  • GraphQL

HTML5 Boilerplate

HTML5 Boilerplate is the most popular among the leading front-end technologies list. It offers a front-end template that allows developers to create fast, adaptable, and robust websites/apps. Moreover, HTML5 is a markup language that helps to build a document displayed over multiple web browsers without any issues.


  • HTML5 Boilerplate is a popular professional front-end template that offers a vast set of documentation.
  • It helps developers build faster, more adaptable, and more robust web apps and websites.
  • It allows web developers/designers to use clean and improved code.
  • HTML5 comes with rich media elements that support audio and video features.
  • It offers short and simple syntax that is highly smart and has great security.


  • It doesn't support old browsers like IE.
  • Less security to local storage.
  • Client-side rendering.

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CSS, or Cascading Style Sheet, is another top one of the top front-end technologies. It adds additional styling and presentation to the earlier-developed HTML document. It helps to manage the visual details of the web page, such as fonts, colours, layout, etc., to make it look good across screen sizes. Further, it also makes your web pages more responsive.


  • CSS can be applied to multiple sites consistently.
  • A specific CSS style can be applied automatically multiple times.
  • It also minimizes the file size while transferring.
  • Moreover, it helps users to customize the online page easily.
  • Provides better maintenance and time-saving.


  • Less Security.
  • It comes in different levels, such as CSS 1 to CSS 3, confusing developers and browsers.
  • Cross-browser issues while using.


React is one of the popular front-end technologies and a JavaScript library. It is useful in developing user interfaces and UI components. Many popular global companies and social platforms like Facebook and Instagram use React in thier web development. Also, it helps developers to build web apps quickly.


  • It is very simple to use and easy to learn for developers with basic JavaScript skills.
  • React Js offers high reusability that helps reduce development time and improve efficiency.
  • It has vast community support.
  • React offers a high-level developer experience, allowing developers to build fast and highly scalable user interfaces.
  • Makes template designing much easier and supports cross-platform.


  • It is not beginner-friendly, thus making it difficult to set up and configure.
  • It may need additional support from libraries and frameworks when dealing with more complex tasks.
  • There is a lack of proper documentation.

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Angular or AngularJs is one of the leading front-end technologies with a TypeScript-based framework with open-source availability. It is the most popular front-end development language that helps to build mobile and web apps much more attractive. Further, Angular offers MVC design and supports various platforms.


  • It is not browser-specific and supports almost all browsers and mobile devices too.
  • Since it is an open-source framework, learning and implementing the language is very easy.
  • It provides multiple features to develop web apps, including data binding, form validation, etc.
  • Angular has a large and active community to offer support.
  • Many large global companies adopted Angular.


  • It is difficult for beginners to learn.
  • It has a steep learning curve.
  • Compared to the new frameworks React and VueJs, its popularity declined.

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Vue.js is a popular JavaScript framework and front-end technology requiring HTML and CSS skills. It is primarily useful to develop SPAs (Single Page Apps) and UIs, including lightweight UI elements. Moreover, the functions of Vue.js are readily accessible, which helps coders to name these functions as per need.


  • Vue.js is a lightweight framework and easy to use, especially for beginners.
  • It provides a high level of awareness that makes it easy for developers to build complex UIs.
  • Moreover, the Vue framework has a vast community that supports developers well.
  • It helps developers to complete small projects much more quickly.
  • It is very simple to understand, which makes it easier for developers.


  • There is no active community of developers to support it as it's a new front-end development language.
  • Its over-flexibility is the major barrier for large projects where using it may lead to many errors in the project.
  • There is limited support for plugins as it is a new language and is still in its initial stage.


It is one of the top front-end technologies and CSS frameworks with open-source availability. It helps to develop responsive and mobile-first web pages. Further, it includes various templates based on HTML and CSS. Also, it helps developers build websites much faster without coding from scratch.


  • It supports all browsers.
  • It is highly responsive and automatically resizes the design to fit the webpage.
  • Bootstrap helps to resize images and other elements automatically.
  • It comes with pre-built templates and components that help to reduce development time and cost.
  • Moreover, it has a large community of developers that actively contributes towards its development and support.


  • Its large file size makes the page loading time much longer when the internet speed is slower.
  • It is not compliant with HTML.
  • It has limited flexibility due to pre-build components that can limit the freedom to make creative designs.


JavaScript is a top front-end development language that dynamically allows developers to alter website content, like images, multimedia, etc. It is a high-level language to develop interactive web apps. Further, it is a simplified language with object-oriented features.


  • It is highly compatible with cross-platforms, such as browsers and OS.
  • JavaScript's large active community contributes well.
  • It is a universal language useful for both front-end and back-end.
  • Moreover, it is very easy to learn the language due to its simple-to-understand syntax.


  • It can behave differently on multiple web browsers due to the complexity of writing cross-platform compatible code.
  • JavaScript is a loosely typed language.
  • It lacks strong security, so it can be used to execute malicious code.

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Flutter is also a popular front-end UI development framework with open-source availability. It allows developers to build many smooth-running mobile apps that support various platforms. Moreover, it can build expressive elements on the platforms like Android and iOS, which increases its popularity.


  • Its hot reload feature allows developers to build applications much faster.
  • Flutter offers a rich set of highly attractive, intuitive, and customizable UI that allows developers to build responsive UI easily.
  • It also delivers higher performance by using a reactive coding model.
  • Flutter has the support of a growing developers' community worldwide who contribute well.
  • Flutter's huge library makes it easier to create apps without writing lengthy codes.


  • Flutter is a relatively new technology and has a steep learning curve.
  • It has limited third-party integrations.
  • There can be debugging issues as Flutter doesn't offer any debugging tools.

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NPM refers to Node Package Manager, which is a JavaScript-based coding language and one of the front-end technologies. It allows developers to install and use many third-party libraries and tools easily. Moreover, it is one of the most highly used web development tools.


  • NPM makes it easier for developers to install and manage various packages through a CLI interface with quick downloads and installations.
  • It allows its developers access to a wide range of tools and libraries with its large ecosystem.
  • Developers are allowed to customize the packages as per needs.
  • Due to open-source availability, developers of NPM can contribute well towards the development of the tool.


  • Developers must be very cautious while installing NPM packages as they can contain malicious code.
  • It is not beginner friendly, which makes it complex to use.
  • The large file size can be an issue for applications and their performance.


GraphQL is a popular open-source manipulation coding language for APIs developed by Facebook. It is neither front-end nor back-end. It gets the request and reverts to only the specific data requested in the JSON form.


  • It is strongly typed language.
  • GraphQL is a highly efficient and very flexible language.
  • It uses simple syntax that makes developers start with it easily and quickly.
  • It offers many tools and libraries that make it easier to use.


  • Very complex to set up and maintain.
  • Due to dynamic requests, caching can be an issue.

Thus, these are some of the various front-end technologies useful for different purposes for developers. Apart from these, there are many useful front-end technologies such as Remix, ThreeJS, React Native, Next.js, etc. We hope you got an overall idea of the front-end technologies. Stay tuned to get informative blogs in this space.

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Research Analyst
As a content writer at HKR trainings, I deliver content on various technologies. I hold my graduation degree in Information technology. I am passionate about helping people understand technology-related content through my easily digestible content. My writings include Data Science, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Python, Salesforce, Servicenow and etc.