SAP Fiori Design Guidelines

SAP Fiori is a design language for enterprise apps that creates exceptional user experiences. SAP Fiori streamlines business operations depending on user responsibilities and business processes. SAP Fiori marked a change apart from centralized ERP solutions and toward lightweight apps that are tailored to the tasks of users. SAP is using this design language on top technology platforms to help expedite the digital economy's transformation. By reducing excessive complexity, SAP Fiori sets the bar for enterprise user experience. It provides people control over the company's operations by just providing them with the information they require. The five design principles highlight this main goal: role-based, adaptive, cohesive, simple, and pleasurable.

Let’s go through them in detail.

SAP Fiori seems to be a design system for SAP applications that ensures a uniform user experience between platforms and devices. SAP's brand experience and conceptual design revolve around it. SAP Fiori provides accessible, robust, scalable, and enterprise-grade design solutions that may be deployed in a variety of reference technologies.

The SAP Fiori design system consists of the following components:

  • Enterprise software design and development is accelerated and scaled.
  • Moves away from typical monolithic transactions and adopts a flexible design concept related to business responsibilities.
  • Focuses on user tasks and procedures to redefine the enterprise user experience.

Why do you require the Design Guidelines?

The SAP Fiori design is part of the SAPUI5 front-end library, which includes over 170 UI controls and a variety of layout options. This foundation ensures that all SAP Fiori apps have the same layout, control behavior, and visual appearance. This, however, does not ensure a pleasant user experience. Apps must be created with the end-user in mind. They must also adhere to well-defined interaction patterns that take into account the needs of each use case. These ideas and patterns must be used by various application development teams around the world in a large software company like SAP. As SAP Fiori gets popular, even more, SAP clients are expanding or creating their customized SAP Fiori apps. These clients, too, rely on SAP for design advice.

The SAP Fiori Design Guidelines, in a nutshell, provide a single point of reference for anyone working on SAP Fiori apps. The principles and paradigms are only a small part of the recommendations. They include specific instructions for implementing a user-centered approach, as well as detailed explanations of how to use the various layouts, patterns, and controls. Theguidelines help you see the big story and put technical aspects in perspective. They assist UX designers and engineers in linking design requirements and SAPUI5 controls.

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Advantages of SAP Fiori Design

Consider the following advantages of following the design guidelines

  • The SAP Fiori application suite has a consistent design and experience.
    You'll have had an easy and reliable design that gives your users a consistent appearance and experience across all of your apps.
  •  Build times are faster.
    Rather than needing to start from scratch, you may use a tried-and-true method with pre-built building blocks. This ensures that new applications are built faster!
  •  Testing will be easier.
    You'll get access to a tool that allows you to perform quick quality checks. The rules and the control libraries are not the same as an app. Both, however, highlight potential flaws in your software. You'll be able to avoid them later if you take care of them now!
  •  For communication, there is only one language.
    When discussing adjustments and iterations, you'll have a standard lexicon to refer to. While everyone engaged understands the same language, app development becomes more efficient.
  •  A fantastic onboarding system
    You'll have a fantastic platform for onboarding new team members! This will also contribute to greater awareness and acceptance of the design model.

 Design Principles

The design concept of SAP Fiori is primarily built on five key principles. SAP Fiori provides a role-based, adaptive, easy, cohesive, and enjoyable user experience.

  • Role-Based
    SAP Fiori is tailored to your industry, needs, and working style. It is based on our extensive knowledge of today's workforce's many facets. SAP Fiori gives you the correct information promptly and reflects how you operate in real life.
  • Delightful
    SAP Fiori increases your professional efficiency by making you easily do your job, in addition to making you work smarter.
  • Coherent
    SAP Fiori follows a uniform interface and visual design language, whether you're fulfilling a sales order, review your newest KPIs, or managing leave requests. You have the same intuitive experience throughout the company.
  • Simple
    You can perform your task fast and naturally with SAP Fiori. SAP Fiori allows you to find the most suitable essential - core functionalities that are simple to use, and you can customize the experiences to concentrate on the tasks and activities that matter most to you.
  • Adaptive
    SAP Fiori gives you the freedom to operate where and how you desire, no matter what device you're using. It also delivers essential data that enables immediate understanding.

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Sap Fiori Elements

SAP Fiori components is a system that contains the most used design themes and is aimed to: 

  • Decrease the quantity of frontend code necessary to construct SAP Fiori apps, hence speeding up development.
  • Ensure that the user experience is consistent and compliant with the most recent SAP Fiori design principles.


Inquire with your technical colleagues about the SAP Fiori elements edition you will be used to construct your app, as each version enables different design alternatives. 

 As their names suggest, every version of SAP Fiori elements offers a distinct version of OData (Open Data Protocol):

  • SAP Fiori elements for OData version 2 (V2)
  • SAP Fiori elements for OData version 4 (V4)


Your final decision on whether or not to employ SAP Fiori elements must be guided by two factors.

  • Is still the floorplan you'd like to use compatible with SAP Fiori components?
  • Is the SAP Fiori elements layout complete with all of the functionality you require for your user? If not, think about making a freestyle app instead.

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The SAP Fiori design framework works on a variety of platforms, including the browser, smartphones, and interactive UX. The SAP Fiori design languages are the versions for each platform. While the underlying design approach is consistent throughout all systems, the design languages are tailored to the unique characteristics of each platform. Each design language specifies the appearance and feel, as well as the controls and floorplans/pages that are available, as well as common functionality such as navigation and search.

Related Articles

1. SAP Fiori Tools

2. SAP Fiori Elements

3. SAP Fiori Architecture

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Kavya Gowda
Kavya Gowda
Research Analyst
Kavya works for HKR Trainings institute as a technical writer with diverse experience in many kinds of technology-related content development. She holds a graduate education in the Computer science and Engineering stream. She has cultivated strong technical skills from reading tech blogs and also doing a lot of research related to content. She manages to write great content in many fields like Programming & Frameworks, Enterprise Integration, Web Development, SAP, and Business Process Management (BPM). Connect her on LinkedIn and Twitter.