Many companies are trying to find out how to make their deployment of applications faster. Most developers discovered that Kubernetes could help them solve this issue. It improved the overall deployment of applications by software development teams. There are new technology stacks like DevOps, which categorize Kubernetes as one of the skill sets they look for in an individual. According to InfoWorld, in the United States, individuals with DevOps skills like Kubernetes earn more than $75,000 per year, while in other countries like the UK and the rest of Europe, they pay $50,000 per year. The article will cover how to install Kubernetes on the Ubuntu operating system.
Kubernetes is an open-source tool that uses containers to make applications portable and easy to deploy. It provides good decisions about cluster management and how they can react to the cluster events.
It makes the integration easier with other services, making it easier to monitor applications and provide all the logging services. It works well with other DevOps practices like continuous integration and continuous delivery, making implementing agile practices in a software team easier. Other benefits of using Kubernetes include scaling your applications, reducing production costs by managing the resources, and using auto scaling to meet your needs.
Most of the developers use Docker to create the images. That's why most of the time, Kubernetes works well with Docker. Making containerized applications goes through provisioning, scaling, balancing, networking, and deployment. Kubernetes changed the deployment lifecycle and saved many companies the pains they were going through during the development processes.
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Using MicroK8s gives you the ability to install Kubernetes using one node. They are lightweight and only use single commands to install all the required dependencies and services, and work well with IoT and edge applications.
To install Kubernetes using this method, you have to follow the following steps:
1. First, let us install the MicroK8s on the machine by using the following command
sudo snap install micro k8s --classic
2. Create admin privileges and add users
sudo usermod -a -G microk8s $USER
sudo chown -f -R $USER ~/.kube
3. Update the sessions of the user
su - $USER
4. Confirm the status of the Kubernetes after starting it
micro k8s status --wait-ready
5. Turn on several services you may use by typing the following command
micro k8s enable dashboard dns ingress
6. To get access to all the resources and features, you can type
micro k8s enable --help
7. You can stop all the services using the following command
micro k8s disable ‹name›
8. Now, you can use Kubernetes by typing the following
micro k8s kubectl get all --all-namespaces
9. Start and access its dashboard by typing
micro k8s dashboard-proxy
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In this step, we are going to install Docker. If you already have it installed, you can go to the next step. First, we have to ensure we have an updated package list. Type the following command
sudo apt-get update
Let us now install Docker after the update. Install on both the servers you use.
sudo apt-get install docker.io
Confirm the Docker version by typing the following
Launch the Docker by typing the following command
sudo systemctl enable docker
Ensure that the Docker is running after the launch
sudo systemctl status docker
If it has not started running, type the following command
sudo systemctl start docker
Repeat the above commands on the different nodes of the server
Let us now install Kubernetes, and we have to ensure we are using the right software by assigning keys. To assign keys, we use the following command:
curl -s https://packages.cloud.google.com/apt/doc/apt-key.gpg | sudo apt-key add
Most people get errors that curl is not yet installed on their PC. To install curl, we use the following command.
sudo apt-get install curl
Ensure that all the nodes on each software have installed keys.
When installing Kubernetes, most of them don't add themselves into the software repositories, and you have to do it manually.
sudo apt-add-repository "deb http://apt.kubernetes.io/ kubernetes-xenial main"
Ensure you add repositories for all the nodes.
There are several Kubernetes tools like Kubeadm (Kubernetes Admin) that help in the administration and ensure that developers follow the correct procedures when building clusters. One of the common tools is Kubelet which helps run and start nodes and containers through the command line.
First, let us install the tools. It tekes a few minutes to complete, and try to be patient
sudo apt-get install kubeadm kubelet kubectl
sudo apt-mark hold kubeadm kubelet kubectl
Confirm if the installation is successful by typing the following
Repeat the processes for all the nodes.
We have to disable the swap memories of the servers of the project. It helps in preventing Kubernetes from throwing any bad errors along the way.
sudo swapoff –a
Now, assign and give each server node a unique hostname by typing the following command. You have to understand which server you will use as the master node.
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname master-node
Change the hostname using the following command
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname host1.
Ensure that you are on the master server node and type this command
sudo kubeadm init --pod-network-cidr=10.244.0.0/16
Be keen to check the last entry of the command after processing and copy the entry that appears with a message at the end after kubeadm join. It will be helpful when you want to join the working nodes to the cluster.
Now create the directories for your clusters
Pod networks help in communication between different nodes in a cluster. Most of them use flannel networks. Type the following command and wait for a few minutes.
sudo kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml
Ensure everything is working perfectly by typing the following command:
kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
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Type the following command to join the nodes
kubeadm join --discovery-token abcdef.67574466464abcdef --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:1234..cdef 220.127.116.11:5543
Ensure the numbers in the command match the numbers of your server. Do that for all the nodes and give it a few minutes.
Confirm the status of the nodes and then go to the master server and type the following command
kubectl get nodes
It will give you a list of all the nodes connected to the clusters.
We have seen two ways to install Kubernetes on Ubuntu. The process is a bit long, and you have to follow the steps keenly to avoid missing some crucial steps. Working with Docker makes the process easier. Kubernetes provides documentation for those who may face issues during installation. After installing Kubernetes, you can use it to install different applications using less time and to automate the whole process. The whole setup makes the deployment of containerized applications successful.
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Yes, you can run Kubernetes on Ubuntu by installing the kubernetes on both virtual and physical machines.
Yes, you can install kubernetes on linux.
Docker uses kubernetes and the Kubernetes server runs within Docker; it is used for local testing only
Yes, Docker can run without Kubernetes but you need some other kind of container runtime.