SAP Fiori Interview Questions

Last updated on Nov 22, 2023

SAP Fiori, a pivotal design system in today's IT landscape, stands out for transforming complex business applications into user-friendly experiences. It's not just a tool but an ecosystem that converts casual users into SAP aficionados through its intuitively simple screens, adaptable across various devices. As the corporate world evolves, the demand for SAP technical consultants, especially those adept in ABAP and Fiori/UI5, has surged. This article aims to delve into the intricacies of SAP Fiori, presenting a curated list of SAP Fiori interview questions. They mirror the real-world issues and scenarios faced by technical consultants. Let us discuss the most frequently asked SAP Fiori Interview questions and answers in detail.

Most Frequently Asked SAP Fiori Interview Questions

1. What is SAP Fiori?

Ans: SAP Fiori represents a comprehensive suite of over 500 free apps utilizing the SAPUI5 library. These apps follow a uniform design philosophy and development approach, offering a streamlined user experience across various business functions.

2. Differentiate between SAPUI5 and SAP Fiori.

Ans: SAPUI5 is a foundational HTML5 rendering framework, while SAP Fiori is an application suite built atop the SAPUI5 framework. SAPUI5 provides the building blocks, and SAP Fiori leverages these to deliver fully realized, user-friendly applications.

3. What is Fiori launchpad, and explain it?

Ans: The Fiori launchpad is a centralized access point for all Fiori applications, showcasing a tile-based interface for easy navigation. Each tile links to a specific Fiori application, and the launchpad is highly customizable, allowing users to tailor themes and other settings to their preferences.

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4. What are the steps required to configure SAP Fiori Transactional Apps?

Ans: The configuration involves multiple steps, including setting up SAP Web Dispatcher, configuring the front-end server, and integrating with SAP Netweaver Gateway and other add-ons. The focus is on routing rules, user interface, and back-end connectivity.

5. Explain SAP Netweaver Gateway Central Hub deployment in SAP Fiori.

Ans: This deployment separates the UI layer and SAP Netweaver gateway on the front-end server from the business logic and back-end data on the ABAP back-end server. This separation enhances maintenance efficiency, supports multiple back-end systems, and centralizes theming and branding.

6. What are the different authentication methods that can be configured in SAP Fiori?

Ans: Authentication methods include SAP Single Sign-On using Kerberos technology, which reuses Windows domain authentication, and X.509 certificates, suitable for cross-company or extranet single sign-on scenarios.

7. Explain SAP Netweaver Gateway embedded hub deployment in SAP Fiori

Ans: The Netweaver gateway is deployed directly on the business suite server in this setup. While this method reduces complexity, it's not ideal for environments with multiple back-end systems and is generally recommended for sandbox or testing purposes.

8. What are the different configuration steps in SAP Fiori?

Ans: Configuring SAP Fiori involves creating semantic objects, launchpad roles, business catalogs, and groups on the front-end server. These steps are crucial for setting up transactional and analytical apps effectively.

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9. What are the components of SAP Hana extended application services?

Ans: SAP Hana XS engine comprises Hana Live App content and SMART Business components, including a KPI Modeller. The Hana Live App content further includes the VDM reuse content.

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10. What is MVC?

Ans: MVC in SAPUI5 delineates a structured approach, dividing applications into Models (data handling), Views (UI management), and Controllers (input processing and response generation), each with defined roles and interactions.

11. How can you get to know whether the device is a Touch Screen or not?

Ans: SAPUI5 provides the “sap.ui.Device” API for device detection, including a specific flag to determine touch screen capability.

12. What are the different options in SAP Fiori launchpad design?

  • Ans: The design of the Fiori launchpad includes a configuration layer for default content and a customization layer for customer-specific adjustments. This setup allows for effective management and personalization of the launchpad environment.

13. What is the use of the OData Protocol?

Ans: OData, initially developed by Microsoft, facilitates data exchange on the web using XML and HTTPS(S) standards. It defines data structures and behaviors, offering XML and JSON format representations.

14. What are the components that are configured in the SAP front-end server?

Ans: Configuration includes setting up the SAP Netweaver Gateway, the central UI add-on, and the SAP Fiori Launchpad, each playing a pivotal role in the front-end functioning

15. What are Fiori Design Principles?

Ans: SAP Fiori's design is governed by Role-Based, Delightful, Simple, Responsive, and Coherent principles, ensuring a user-centric, efficient, and aesthetically pleasing experience.

16. How does data flow happen in the SAP Fiori launchpad? Explain the steps.

Ans: Data flow involves several vital steps, such as LPD_CUST setup, Launchpad Designer configuration, target mapping, and PFCG role assignment, ensuring smooth operation and accessibility of the Fiori apps.

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17. What is the use of defining workflow scenarios in the workflow engine?

Ans: Workflow scenarios in the engine aggregate tasks and are represented in consumer applications, streamlining and optimizing workflow management.

18. What are the configuration tasks that need to be performed on the front-end server as per different app types?

Ans: Configuration tasks vary by app type, including activating OData services for transactional apps and factsheets and setting up SAP HANA access for analytical apps.

19. What are the various types of app-launched tiles in SAP Fiori?

Ans: Tile types in SAP Fiori include Static, Dynamic, News, and KPI Tiles, each offering a unique way to display content and real-time data.

20. What are the different OData services that are required for the SAP Fiori launchpad?

Ans: Essential OData services for the Fiori launchpad include /UI2/PAGE_BUILDER_CONF, /UI2/PAGE_BUILDER_PERS, and others, critical for setup and functionality.

21. What is the use of SAP Solution Manager and Application Lifecycle Management?

Ans: SAP Solution Manager is a crucial platform for ALM, integrating various tools and functionalities to provide a complete management solution.

22. What is the use of the PFCG role SAP_UI2_USER_700?

Ans: This role is necessary for users to access and personalize the SAP Fiori launchpad, allowing them to execute essential OData services.

23. What are the uses of UI Theme Designer in SAP? What are the benefits?

Ans: The UI Theme Designer enables the creation of custom themes for SAP apps, allowing for branding consistency and enhanced user interface customization.

24. How do you expand an OData service (Gateway Content Layer) within SAP Gateway?

Ans: Extension of OData services in SAP Gateway is facilitated through the SAP Gateway Service Builder, offering a comprehensive set of tools for service creation and lifecycle management.

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25. Which components have to be redefined while extending the Gateway layer of the SAP Fiori application?

Ans: Redefining components involves working with IW_BEP on the Business Suite and IW_FND on the Gateway Layer.

26. What is the use of the component.js file in UI extensibility?

Ans: The component.js file stores the configuration for custom apps, ensuring the correct inheritance and module path registration.

27. What are fragments & views in SAPUI5?

  • Ans: In SAPUI5, views represent application pages created using various controls, while fragments are reusable UI parts for recurring use across applications/views.

28. What is the SAP HANA XS engine? How is it used for business suites and KPIs?

Ans: Routing rules in the SAP NWG system include Default_host/sap settings and Content/sap configurations, essential for HANA studio integration.

29. What is the Launchpad designer tool? Why do we need it?

Ans: The Launchpad designer tool configures and creates groups and catalogs in SAP Fiori, facilitating a centralized and efficient app management system.

Conclusion:

This complete guide with SAP Fiori interview questions aims to prepare candidates from beginners to seasoned experts across various expertise levels. The questions cover essential Fiori concepts, including theoretical knowledge and practical application. Mastery of these questions is crucial for aspiring SAP executives and consultants, as it demonstrates a blend of basic understanding and real-world expertise. This article is a key resource for those seeking to excel in the dynamic field of SAP technologies.

About Author

Kavya works for HKR Trainings institute as a technical writer with diverse experience in many kinds of technology-related content development. She holds a graduate education in the Computer science and Engineering stream. She has cultivated strong technical skills from reading tech blogs and also doing a lot of research related to content. She manages to write great content in many fields like Programming & Frameworks, Enterprise Integration, Web Development, SAP, and Business Process Management (BPM). Connect her on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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