SAP is an acronym for Systems Applications and Products that is used for developing software solutions for managing business operations and customer relationships. It consists of fully integrated modules which virtually covers every aspect of business management.
In this article, you can go through the set of SAP interview questions most frequently asked in the interview panel. This will help you crack the interview as the topmost industry experts curate these at HKR training.
Let us have a quick review of the SAP interview questions.
Ans: The different types of ERP are SAP, BAAN, JD Edwards, Oracle Financials, Siebel, PeopleSoft. SAP is the most preferred ERP packages of industries opting for ERP.
Ans: There are three different functions used in SAP Script:
Parameters in Each Function:
SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF BLOCK ABC WITH FRAME TITLE T01.
SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF SCREEN 500 AS WINDOW.
CALL SELECTION-SCREEN 500 STARTING AT 10.
Ans: The ABAP system fields are active in all ABAP programs. They are filled by the runtime environment, and you can query their values in a program to find out particular states of the system. Although they are variables, you should not assign your own values to them, since this may overwrite information that is important for the normal running of the program. However, there are some isolated cases in which you may need to overwrite a system variable. For example, by assigning a new value to the field SY-LSIND, you can control navigation within details lists.
SAP Script – It is the integrated text management system of the SAP R/3 System.
Reports - It is the way to display data fetched from database table onto screen or directly output it to a printer.
SY-TABIX - Current line of an internal table. SY-TABIX is set by the statements below, but only for index tables. The field is either not set or is set to 0 for hashed tables.
APPEND sets SY- TABIX to the index of the last line of the table, that is, it contains the overall number of entries in the table.
COLLECT sets SY- TABIX to the index of the existing or inserted line in the table. If the table has the type HASHED TABLE, SY-TABIX is set to 0.
LOOP AT sets SY- TABIX to the index of the current line at the beginning of each loop loss. At the end of the loop, SY-TABIX is reset to the value that it had before entering the loop. It is set to 0 if the table has the type HASHED TABLE.
READ TABLE sets SY- TABIX to the index of the table line read. If you use a binary search, and the system does not find a line, SY-TABIX contains the total number of lines, or one more than the total number of lines. SY-INDEX is undefined if a linear search fails to return an entry.
SEARCH FOR sets SY- TABIX to the index of the table line in which the search string is found.
SY_INDEX - In a DO or WHILE loop, SY-INDEX contains the number of loop passes including the current pass.
Ans: Logical Databases are special ABAP programs that retrieve data and make it available to application programs.
Use of LDB – is used to read data from database tables by linking them to executable ABAP programs
Ans: There are Two Events:
GET - This is the most important event for executable programs that use a logical database. It occurs when the logical database has read a line from the node and made it available to the program in the work area declared using the statement NODES table Tag. The depth to which the logical database read is determined by the GET statements
PUT - The PUT statement directs the program flow according to the structure of the logical database.
Ans: The Events used in ABAP are:
2. AT SELECTION-SCREEN
3. AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON
6. TOP-OF-PAGE DURING LINE SELECTION
9. AT USER-COMMAND
10. AT LINE-SELECTION
11. AT PF
13. GET LATE.
14. AT User Command
Ans: An output list which displays just the basic details & allow user to interact, so that a new list is populated based on user-selection. With interactive list, the user can actively control data retrieval and display during the session.
Ans: I had worked with the following (30) system fields:
1) SY-DBSYS - Central Database
2) SY-HOST - Server
3) SY-OPSYS - Operating System
4) SY-SAPRL - SAP Release
5) SY-SYSID - System Name
6) SY-LANGU - User Logon Language
7) SY-MANDT - Client
8) SY-UNAME - Logon User Name
9) SY-DATLO - Local Date
10) SY-DATUM - Server Date
11) SY-TIMLO - Local Time
12) SY-UZEIT - Server Time
13) SY-DYNNR - Screen Number
14) SY-REPID - Current ABAP program
15) SY-TCODE - Transaction Code
16) SY-ULINE - Horizontal Line
17) SY-VLINE - Vertical Line
18) SY-INDEX - Number of current loop Pass
19) SY-TABIX - Current line of internal table
20) SY-DBCNT - Number of table entries processed
21) SY-SUBRC - Return Code
22) SY-UCOMM - Function Code
23) SY-LINCT - Page Length of list
24) SY-LINNO - Current Line
25) SY-PAGNO - Current Page Number
26) SY-LSIND - Index of List
27) SY-MSGID - Message Class
28) SY-MSGNO - Message Number
29) SY-MSGTY - Message Type
30) SY-SPONO - Spool number during printing
PBO (Process before Output) – Before the screen is displayed, the PBO event is processed.
PAI (Process after Input) – When the user interacts with the screen, the PAI event is processed.
POH (Process On Help) - are triggered when the user requests field help (F1). You can program the appropriate coding in the corresponding event blocks. At the end of processing, the system carries on processing the current screen.
POV (Process On Value) - are triggered when the user requests possible values help (F4). You can program the appropriate coding in the corresponding event blocks. At the end of processing, the system carries on processing the current screen.
Ans: It stores the click value and display the related record in the secondary list.
Ans: The modules in SAP are.
Ans: Various variables that are used in SAP is.
Ans: The following are the different products of SAP.
Ans: Run the standard stages of SAP while executing SAP Payment which includes.
Ans: The difference between residual payment and partial payment is as follows.
Partial payment: Consider an example, say invoice A456 exits for $100 and customer pays $70. With the partial payment, it offsets the invoice leaving a remaining balance $30.
Residual Payment: In this payment, the invoice A456 is cleared for the full value $100 and a new invoice line item is produced for the remaining balance of $30.
Ans: The different types of source system in SAP includes the following.
Ans: BDC stands for Batch Data Communication. The methods of BDC are.
Ans: The approach to writing a BDC program is to.
Meta Data: It is the data about Data. Metadata explains about the structure of data or MetaObjects.
Master Data: Master Data is the key business information like Customer information, Employee, Materials etc. It is more like a reference data.
Example: If a customer orders 10 units of your product instead of asking the customer for his shipping address 10 times, the same can be referenced from the Customer Master Data.
Transaction Data: This is data related to day to day transactions.
Ans: Yes, you can run a business warehouse without the implementation of SAP R/3. Simply transfer structures associated with business warehouse data sources such as ODS tables, Infocube to the inbound data files or use third-party tools to connect your flat files and other data sources.
Ans: There are two types of services to deal with communication as follows:
Ans: “Reason Codes” are tags allocated to describe under/overpayments during the allocation of incoming customer payments. The reason codes should not be mixed up with the “void reason codes” when it is used while outgoing cheques are produced.
Ans: Business Content in SAP is a pre-configured and pre-defined model of information contained in the SAP warehouse which can be used directly or with desired modification in different industries.
Ans: Don’t leave items in aisles on the floor or perched insecurely on a surface.
When the source of the supplier is hidden from the customer, such shipment is referred to as a blind shipment.
It is referred to overseas shipments, where the cargo being shipped consists of smaller units like crates, bales, cartons and so on.
Ans: When any shipment doesn’t meet the terms and conditions of the customer a financial penalty is charged against the supplier by customer. This charge is referred to as a chargeback.
Example: The lack of proper packaging or labelling.
Ans: Reverse Logistics is the collection of all processes that come into play for goods which move in the reverse directions that means transportation of goods to the business.
Logistics: It is referred to as the procedure of managing goods, resources and information from the source to the consumers in a manner that it fits the requirements of both parties.
Transportation: It is the movement of the goods from one point to the other. It is considered as a part of logistics.
Ans: The sorting of products or goods based on their condition or quality is referred to as Triage. Some of the goods need to be repaired and sent back, others have to be sold off as used or defective goods.
Ans: Warehouse Tracking System or WTS is a software application which is specifically designed for the warehouse industry. It uses the system of barcode labels which allows tracking the product movement, audits and shipments easily. WTS enables identifying each piece of stock by a unique serial number.
Ans: There are two ways of generating an invoice with WTS.
Ans: The different types of SAP S/4HANA Users are:
Ans: These are the big challenges that companies will face today.
Ans: Resource type defines how the system plans the resources as per the planning parameters which are provided. There are various planning parameters for each resource type. When you transfer work centres from the ERP system, the following resource types are already created.
Ans: When you call a function module, an instance of its function group plus its data, is loaded into the memory area of the internal session. An ABAP program can load several instances by calling function modules from different function groups.
Ans: There are five contents in Technical Settings:
Ans: Function Groups act as containers for Function Modules that logically belong together.
1) These cannot be defined in a Function Module.
2) It cannot be called.
3) They are containers for Function Module.
1) These must be defined in a Function Group.
2) It can be called from any program.
3) They are not containers for Function Group.
Ans: Central information repository for application and system data. The ABAP Dictionary contains data definitions (metadata) that allow you to describe all of the data structures in the system (like tables, views, and data types) in one place. This eliminates redundancy.
Domain - Specifies the technical attributes of a data element - its data type, length, possible values, and appearance on the screen. Each data element has an underlying domain. A single domain can be the basis for several data elements. Domains are objects in the ABAP Dictionary.
Data Element - Describes the business function of a table field. Its technical attributes are based on a domain, and its business function is described by its field labels and documentation.
Aggregate Object – Views, Match Code and Lock objects are called aggregate objects because they are formed from several related table.
Ans: View - A view is a virtual table containing fields from one or more tables. A virtual table that does not contain any data, but instead provides an application-oriented view of one or more ABAP Dictionary tables.
Different Types of View:
Ans: No, we cannot print decimals in type N because decimal places are not permitted with N data type.
Float Data Type: It cannot be declared in Parameters.
Packed Number: It can be declared in Parameters.
For Example ,
PARAMETERS: A (4) TYPE P DECIMALS 2, B (4) TYPE P DECIMALS 2.
DATA: C (4) TYPE P DECIMALS 2.
C = A + B.
WRITE: / ‘THE SUM IS’, C.
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