SOA Interview Questions

Last updated on Nov 21, 2023

Service Oriented Architecture refers to design which offers support via a communication protocol (SOA). The various facilities are offered autonomously of various technologies and products. This is incorporated using the SOAP protocol and it can be integrated easily into a variety of applications. This design can aid in the development of reusable and adaptable application areas with the defined business features and functionality. It also can be constructed using various languages while adhering to SOA principles.

If you want to work in SOA, you should prepare for the 2021 SOA Interview Questions. Every interview is unique because of the various job profiles. We have compiled a list of the most important SOA Interview Questions and Answers to help you succeed in your interview.

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Most Frequently Asked SOA Interview Questions 

SOA Interview question and answers for basic level:

Explain what SOA governance is and what it does.

Governance in Service-Oriented Architecture is used to control services in any SOA. Some activities are classified as SOA governance. This includes managing a portfolio of services that aid in the planning and development of new services as well as the updating of existing ones. It also includes service lifecycle management. This means that any service updates should not disrupt current customers or their services. Furthermore, SOA ensures the consistency of all services by following guidelines to all newly created services.It also provides monitoring systems, which alert customers to downtimes or underachievement of any system, which can be severe for a specific service. As a result, necessary measures can be implemented whenever they are needed, and any problems that arise can be solved quickly by verifying availability and performance.

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What are the goals, the contract, the address, and the bindings?

Clients can access the service from various points. All of these services must be made available through one of these means.

The following will be included at the end:

Contract: A contract is an agreement reached between two parties. It specifies how clients are expected to communicate with one another. It specifies the various parameters and return values that will be used.

Address: This tells a user where they can find a service. There is a URL address that leads to the location of services.

Binding: This specifies how to get to the end. It specifies the communication process and how it should be carried out.

How can loose coupling be achieved in SOA?

For a SOAP web service, you can achieve loose coupling by using a service interface such as WSDL. You can hide the service implementation from the consumer to reduce dependency. Loose coupling can be addressed by encapsulating various functionalities in a way that limits the impact of changes to the implementation of various service interfaces.Also, you may need to change the interface and manage versioning without affecting customers at times. In addition, multiple security constraints, transports, and other specifications can be managed.

Is there a difference between web services and SOA?

SOA seems to be an architectural concept that is completed by web services. Web services are indeed the favored standards that must be met in order to meet the SOA architectural specifications. When using SOA, all services must be loosely coupled. Furthermore, SOA services ought to be able to articulate themselves, while WSDL services will define how we might access the services. These facilities could also be made accessible via WSDL. SOA services are stored in a directory, and UDDI describes where to find these web services.

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What exactly is a reusable service?

A reusable service is one that is stateful and has the requisite specificity. This can be a component of a structure formed or server. A reusing service should be associated with just about any activity that is recommended by the company and it has its own set of specifications. Security, QoS, SLA, or any usage policies are examples of service constraints. It can be defined by a variety of runtime agreements, interactions, and implementation methods. A reusable service is scrutinized at the enterprise all through its lifecycle, beginning with design and ending with runtime. Its uses must also be elevated through such a predefined process, and it should be quantifiable.

SOA Interview question and answers for advanced level:

Explain the Business and Plumbing Layers in SOA.

The answer is that SOA architecture is divided into two layers. The first layer is directly relevant to any business and performs various business connections. The second layer is a technical layer that describes how to manage the various computer resources that we have, such as a database, web server, and so on. This segregation is carried out in order to identify any specific service.Take a look at any simple system, such as a management solution. It will consist of many elements that will communicate with one another to complete the system. The plumbing layer, which will contain the data access layer, AJAX, and many other functionalities, will be one of the two layers of this system.

What are the drawbacks of SOA?

The main disadvantage of SOA is viewing it as a means to an end. As a result, developers frequently create complex, difficult to manage, and unneeded asset interrelations. Rather than, the developer can concentrate on the current business problem. Another disadvantage is that, rather than tackling small pieces of the problem, you could indeed take a top-down strategy in which major corporations invest but frequently fail to produce the desired results within the timeframe.

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Explain how the service is put together.

Services are combined to create composite applications using composition. This application is made up of a collection of services that results in the creation of an enterprise portal or process. A composite service is an aggregation of various services that provide reusable services. It functions similarly to combining electronic components to create reusable composite services.

What exactly is ESB, and how does it fit in?

ESB is an abbreviation for Enterprise Service Bus. Unlike other relationships, it allowed for any-to-any connectivity between companies. You may also need to consider deployment services, IT services, and so on. SOA architecture allows SOA to address all of life's priorities. The ESB is part of this reference architecture and serves as the backbone of a SOA, but it is not a SOA in and of itself.

.Is it needed to construct a system from the ground up in SOA?

 If we really need to incorporate an existing system, designers could only flimsily couple wrappers which assist wrap all customer support and reveal all features and functionality.

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This is really a guidance to the list of SOA Interview Questions and Answers so that users can easily crack these SOA Interview Questions. In this post, we would then look at the top SOA Interview Questions that are frequently asked in interviews. Had any drop them in the comments section to get them clarified.

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Kavya works for HKR Trainings institute as a technical writer with diverse experience in many kinds of technology-related content development. She holds a graduate education in the Computer science and Engineering stream. She has cultivated strong technical skills from reading tech blogs and also doing a lot of research related to content. She manages to write great content in many fields like Programming & Frameworks, Enterprise Integration, Web Development, SAP, and Business Process Management (BPM). Connect her on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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