Certified Business Analysis Professional Interview Questions

Last updated on Jun 12, 2024

A business analyst is someone who is responsible for analyzing an organization or business domain and documenting its business or processes. They play a vital role in an organization, as they help improve efficiency and effectiveness by providing insights based on their findings. If you're interested in becoming a business analyst, you should first familiarize yourself with the types of questions that are commonly asked in interviews for this position.

Most Frequently Asked CBAP Interview Questions and Answers

What is Business Analyst?

A business analyst has sufficient subject expertise and can determine the business demands of various stakeholders. He brings together many stakeholders of an organization.2. What is SRS?

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What is SRS?

A document or collection of papers that outline the elements of a software app or a system is known as a system requirements specification (SRS) or a software requirements specification (SRS).

What are the critical elements of software requirements specification?

The critical elements of an SRS are:

  1. Scope of Work
  2. Non-Functional Requirements
  3. Functional Requirements
  4. Data Model
  5. Dependencies
  6. Constraints
  7. Acceptance Criteria
  8. Assumptions

What is a requirement?

A requirement is a focused approach to achieving particular corporate aims or objectives. It serves as an input for many SDLC phases. Before implementation, stakeholders and business users must approve the project's foundation.

What is a Use case?

A use case is a diagrammatic portrayal of a system that illustrates how a user employs the system to achieve a goal. It is a fundamental component of software engineering and software modeling.

What is Scope creep?

The phrase "scope creep" refers to unplanned modifications or deviations in the project's scope that fall with-in the same range. It is a sign of ineffective project management.

How can you avoid scope creep?

You can avoid scope creep by

  1. Project scope details are documented.
  2. The implementation of sound change management
  3. Providing connected parties with notice in advance of the consequences of the change

What is BRD?

A Business Requirements Document (BRD) is a legal contract for a product between the client and the company. It outlines a business requirement or goal and what to anticipate as the project moves forward.

What is Gap Analysis?

Gap analysis is a technique for examining the discrepancy between the functionality of the current system and that of the desired system. The gap here refers to the volume of work.

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. What is the strategy for eliciting requirements?

Requirement elicitation is obtaining requirements from stakeholders, users, and clients via meetings, questionnaires, interviews, brainstorming sessions, prototyping, and other methods.

. What exactly are non-functional requirements, and how are they gathered?

The program's performance level aspects, such as how quickly it can respond, how fluidly its user interface is, how secure it is, etc., are represented by non-functional requirements (AUD).

. How would you characterize a high-quality requirement as a business analyst?

Using SMART rules, we can evaluate the quality of demand. According to this guideline, good quality must be SMART (Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Timely).

. What are personas?

Personas stand in for User-Centered Design techniques. Business analysts develop fictitious characters based on their potential demography-specific behavior scenarios during design to allow an application that can function on a demographic basis.

. What is an activity diagram?

An activity diagram is a graphic depiction of a business use case's workflow. This graphic illustrates the numerous actions inside an organization's various divisions, including human resources, sales, accounts, etc.

. what are the essential elements of an activity diagram?

The beginning nodes, activities, control flows, choices, a fork, guard conditions, join, and end nodes are crucial components of an activity diagram.

. What is UML modeling?

Unified Modeling Language is referred to as UML. A system's many components may be documented, built, and visualized using this industry standard. Software development is the primary use for this modeling standard.

. What is the difference between exception flow and alternate flow?

Alternative flows are acts that can be carried out in addition to the primary flow but are optional.

Whenever an exception or error occurs, a particular path is followed.

. Do you believe a business analyst should conduct the testing?

Yes, because a business analyst is familiar with the system's general requirements and difficulties. He can help execute the testing portion of the program properly and answer any system-related questions as a result.

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. What is the complete form of 'INVEST'?

The complete form of 'INVEST' is- 

  • Independent
  • Negotiable
  • Valuable
  • Estimable
  • Sized Appropriately
  • Testable

. What is Pareto Analysis?

The 80/20 rule, commonly referred to as Pareto analysis, is a decision-making method. For quality assurance and fault resolving, it is a helpful tool.

. What is Kano analysis?

An analytical method to investigate and gauge client wants is the Kano Model. It allows for identifying clients' fundamental needs, performance demands, and excitement.

. What is Benchmarking?

An organization's performance is measured through benchmarking to compete in the market. A business may use this approach to evaluate its rules, performance, and other metrics.

. What challenges may a business analyst encounter?

A business analyst may encounter the following issues throughout a project, from planning to post-implementation:

  1. Concerns with employees
  2. Issues relating to technology
  3. Business-related concerns relating to access
  4. Business model mistakes

. What is process design?

A corporation can assess its problems and develop a workable solution using process design. Workflows used through process design are developed to produce the most outstanding results in the smallest amount of time.

. What is the Agile Manifesto?

According to the authors of the Agile Manifesto, software engineers should base their work on four core ideals and 12 guiding principles. The Manifesto for Agile Software Development was its official name.

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. What do you know about Kanban?

Kanban is a tool that assists the agile team in managing and guiding the work as it moves through the process graphically. The current state of development is shown on the Kanban board.

. What is OLTP Systems?

An online transaction processing system (OLTP) is a database designed for that purpose. Online transaction processing (OLTP) systems and other applications requiring high throughput are frequently supported by this technology.

. What is FMEA?

Failure mode and effect analysis is known by the acronym FMEA. Business analysts use it to recognize and evaluate a system or process failure risks.

. What various Agile methodology subcategories are there?

The following are a few well-known agile methodologies:

  1. Scrum
  2. Lean software development and Extreme Programming (XP)
  3. Feature-driven development (FDD)
  4. Crystal Methodology
  5. DSDM (Dynamic Software Development Method)

. What is increment?

The total number of product backlog items finished in a sprint is called the increment. The increment from the previous sprints is also included in the new increment value.


In conclusion,these business analyst interview questions and answers should help you prepare for your next interview. With these tips, you can confidently walk into your next interview knowing you have the skills and knowledge to succeed.

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As a Senior Writer for HKR Trainings, Sai Manikanth has a great understanding of today’s data-driven environment, which includes key aspects such as Business Intelligence and data management. He manages the task of creating great content in the areas of Digital Marketing, Content Management, Project Management & Methodologies, Product Lifecycle Management Tools. Connect with him on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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