The GUI framework generates an application with such a broad spectrum of GUI elements, such as labels, textboxes including well known facets. Without the need for a GUI framework, users would also have to construct these elements manually and manage all user interaction contexts such as text and cursor input. It is a great deal of work, but instead, many other designers would use a GUI framework that would do all the fundamental process by allowing designers to concentrate on creating significant applications. There are many GUI frameworks, among them WPF stands as the newone in the market. WPF stands for Windows Application Foundation. In this tutorial we are going to discuss the fundamentals of the WPF, features, types of WPF applications that can be created, WPF installation, the key differences between the WPF over the winforms.
WPF the concept enables designing Windows applications. The concept behind the implementation of the WPF system was that users could create a rich 3D, animated, rich colour interface with minimal code complexity.
WPF can be seen as an evolution over WinForms. It makes the graphic display system for windows easy to use. It provides a simple distinction between the UI and business logic. WPF is a vector-based visualization engine that utilizes hardware acceleration of modern graphics cards to make the Ul faster and more scalable. WPF programmes can be installed on your device as a standalone desktop software or hosted as an integrated entity on your website.
The important reasons for using WPF are:
Windows 1.0 was Microsoft's first GUI environment. It acts as a top layer of the DOS, depending on GDI and USER graphics and user interface systems.
DirectX was released as a high-performance graphics system in 1995. It was intended for games and other graphics based environments. Over the years, several versions have been released with Directx9 that include a library for use with mange.Net code.
Here are some of the attractive features of WPF. They are as follows:
The classes in WPF are divided into four core types. They are: UIElement, ContentElement, FrameworkElement, and FrameworkContentElement. These classes are generally known as base class elements.It provides a framework for a user interface composing model. WPF user interfaces are made up of components that are assembled in a tree hierarchy. It's called an element tree. The element tree is an intuitive way to customise the user interface. It's a framework that allows you to get a powerful UI service feature.
Extensible Application Markup Language called "XAML" or "zammel" is a declarative way to describe user interfaces.
Syntax for the simple button is as follows:
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The controls supported by WPF frameworks are:
Controls can be personalised with styles and templates without programming. You may also establish custom control by retrieving a new class from the appropriate base class.
WPF includes a function to configure the appearance of your application. It helps you to set objects and values for items like fonts, backgrounds, etc. The Styles option enables you to standardise a particular look for the entire product. It allows you to replace the default appearance while preserving its default behaviour. The Data template helps you to monitor the default viewing of the bound data. With the support of themes, you can easily imagine the styles of the operating system.
layouts helps you with proper alignment and size control. It is part of the presentation process for the customer. The WPF system supports the layout process and increases the adaptability of the UI appearance.
The layout infrastructure provided by different groups is 1) StackPanel 2) DockPanel 3) WrapPanel 4) Grid and 5) Canvas.
WPF includes an improved graphics system.WPF uses device-independent units to allow resolution and device independence. As a result, each pixel that is device-independent scales automatically with a dot-by-inch setup system. WPF uses double instead of float and supports a broader variety of colours. The WPF graphics engine is designed in such a way that the graphics hardware can be used when available.
Documents and Pricing:
The WPF system contains three types of documents:
WPF is part of the.NET system. It includes both managed and unmanaged code. The important components of the WPF architecture are explained in the following figure:
The most main determinants of the WPF architecture are −
In this tutorial we are going to discuss how to download and install visual studio for WPF application development. Microsoft comes with two different tools for WPF application development. They are namely:
Both the tools are used for developing WPF applications. But visual studio is used by the developers while designers use the expression blend for the WPF applications.
Microsoft Visual Studio is a Microsoft Integrated Development Environment (IDE). It is used for the development of Microsoft Windows computer programmes. Visual Studio is a one-stop shop for all applications developed on the.Net platform. You will create, debug, and run Visual Studio applications.Using this IDE, both Forms-based and web-based applications can be built and created. Visual Studio has the features listed below.
Microsoft offers a free version of Visual Studio that can be downloadable from VisualStudio. Download files and follow instructions below to set up a WPF application development environment on your system.
Step1: Get the visual studio from the official website by following the link:https://visualstudio.microsoft.com/downloads/
From the above image, you can see the visual studio community and professional edition. You can try with any of the options available.
Now lets us consider using the visual studio professional edition.
Step2: Click on the downloadable .exe file.
Step3: A screen will be displayed showing the continue option. Click it.
Step4: Visual studio will start downloading the files as shown in the below image.
Step5: In the next screen click on the install button.
Step6; In the next screen select the .net development and then click on the install button as shown in the below image.
Step7: All the relevant files will be downloaded, once all the required files are downloaded you need to reboot the system.
Step8: Open the visual studio IDE after restarting, select the theme, and click on the start visual studio button.
Step 9; After opening the visual studio IDE, just navigate to the file new to create new c# applications.
Now we will discuss the important features of the visual studio.
The visual studio key features are:
In the visual studio go to File>Project
The visual studio comprises two files by default. They are:
The MainWindow.xaml has a design window and XAML file.
In the XAML windows, the following tags are written by default.
The MainWindow.xaml.cs contains the corresponding code behind the XAML design file
Successfully, you have created your first WPF application.
Comparison between WPF and Winforms:
The key differences between the WPF and winforms are summarized in the below points. They are:
The application types of WPF are:
With the help of the concepts designed above one can get full in depth knowledge on how to design and build WPF applications very easily. You can also get to know how to implement them in different types of applications instantaneously. Moreover, to become proficient in the WPF or those who wish to learn WPF undergo the curated learning path at WPF Training. Join us and brighten your career in the WPF environment today.
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