PeopleSoft Integration Broker Tutorial

Welcome to the PeopleSoft Integration Broker tutorial. PeopleSoft is the top solution that most reputed companies use for their various business requirements. It offers solutions ranging from human resource management, customer relationship management, supply chain management, etc. The main concept of integrating PeopleSoft with other systems will be handled by the PeopleSoft Integration Broker. In this tutorial, we will explain what PeopleSoft Integration Broker is and how it works. We will also explain the components of the PeopleSoft Integration Broker. You will get to know how an incoming request is being handled by the PeopleSoft Integration Broker. Let us get started.

PeopleSoft Integration Broker

PeopleSoft Integration Broker is a middleware that connects internal and third-party systems through asynchronous and synchronous messaging. It exposes business logic as web services. It also consumes and invokes web services that come from third-party systems. It manages data structure, data format, and transport disparities while integration. It generates Web Services Description Language (WSDL) documents and Web Application Definition Language (WADL) documents from the metadata of integration. 

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It provides WSDL documents to Discovery, Integration (UDDI), and Universal Description repositories. Third-party systems send the WSDL documents, and the system will consume these documents and creates integration metadata to start processing integration. It also allows users to reuse the elements that were created during integration. It is built on top of service-oriented architecture (SOA) methodology. It is composed of two subsystems.

  • Integration gateway
  • Integration engine

Integration gateway

The integration gateway is responsible for managing the receipt and delivery of messages between systems using PeopleSoft Integration Broker. It supports TCP/IP application protocols to create new connectors for communication. It also supports Extensible Markup Language (XML) links. It enforces saving logging information of delivery, message receipt, and errors. It also manages the format of messages so that when the integration engine reads those messages, they have a PeopleSoft-compatible message format.

The integration gateway has the following three components.

Connectors 

The messages between integration participants and the integration gateway are passed through the listening connectors and target connectors. They can be configurable at the integration gateway and supports asynchronous and synchronous message handling.

Gateway manager 

It is responsible for processing messages that pass through the integration gateway. It also includes links to the other major integration gateway components. It validates the message and invokes the relevant target connector. When the target connector replies, the gateway manager sends the reply to the calling listening connector.

Gateway services 

The gateway manager uses some services like XML parsing, connector management, WS-Security, integration broker objects, message validation, error handling, and service operation logging.

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Integration engine

The integration engine is used to create, implement, manage, and enhance integrations with PeopleTools elements. It separates the integration development activities from the administrative activities. It contains components like PeopleSoft Pure Internet Architecture definitions, PeopleSoft Application Designer definitions, XSLT code, and PeopleCode. It also handles the inbound and outbound messages. It is present on the PeopleSoft application server.

Advantages of PeopleSoft Integration Broker

  • The following are the advantages of the PeopleSoft Integration Broker.
  • It comes with PeopleTools, so the users don't have to purchase third-party integration tools.
  • It can integrate with all the PeopleSoft applications.
  • It supports integration methods like web services.
  • It provides a consistent infrastructure with PeopleSoft Application Servers.

Service Operations

A service operation is a component that holds the processing logic of the integration. It specifies whether the integration should be processed synchronously or asynchronously. It contains the below definitions.

  • Message - It contains the payload of the integration.
  • XML message schema - It is the physical description of the message, which includes field lengths, field types, field descriptions, etc.
  • Handler - It contains the processing logic of the service operation.
  • Routing - It specifies the direction of the integration, whether it is inbound or outbound. It also contains the fields like transformations, routing alias names, etc.

Below are the types of service operations that the PeopleSoft Integration Broker supports.

  • Asynchronous one-way
  • Asynchronous request/response
  • Asynchronous to synchronous
  • Synchronous

Whatever the content of the message and the operation type might be, the application should invoke PeopleCode to create and send a service operation or to receive and process a service operation.

Messaging Types

The following are the two messaging types that the PeopleSoft Integration Broker supports.

Synchronous messaging

In the synchronous messaging process, a source system sends the message to a target system. The source system waits for an acknowledgment response from the target systems before it sends another message.

Asynchronous messaging

 In the asynchronous messaging process, a source system sends the message to a target system. It does not wait for the target system to send a response. Instead, it continues to send messages. It is also referred to as fire-and-forget messaging.

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Inbound and Outbound Request Flow

An external system can be a PeopleSoft system or a third-party system that sends a request to PeopleSoft Integration Broker. The listening connector inside the integration gateway receives the request first. The listening connector writes the request to the gateway log file. The incoming request contains credentials and the body. So the listening connector checks the credentials to determine how to route the request.

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Then the request is passed through the PeopleSoft target connector. This reforms the request message such that it is in a readable format by both the gateway and the application server. It builds a Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) message with credentials in an XML document and the body. It serializes the request to a string and sends it to the application server through a JOLT connection. When the application server receives the MIME message, it parses the message into a request object.

Regardless of the messaging type, the application server should send a response to the gateway in the same thread of execution. The responses sent by the application server will be in MIME format. When the PeopleSoft target connector receives the MIME response, it will be written to the gateway log file. It is parsed into a gateway request object and sent to the listening connector. Then the listening connector maps the response to suit the given protocol. 

The outbound requests also function in the same way as the inbound requests. An HTTP method is used to establish the connection between the application server and the integration gateway.

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Conclusion

PeopleSoft has the best integration middleware, which is the PeopleSoft Integration Broker, for handling integration requests. Additionally, PeopleSoft also supports integration utilities like Outgoing Forms API, Open Query ODBC Driver and API, and EDI Manager. For more information, go through the other posts of PeopleSoft on our website.

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Kavya Gowda
Kavya Gowda
Research Analyst
Kavya works for HKR training institute as a technical writer with diverse experience in many kinds of technology-related content development. She holds a graduate education in Computer science and Engineering stream. She has cultivated strong technical skills from reading tech blogs and also doing a lot of research related to content. She manages to write great content in many fields like Programming & Frameworks, Enterprise Integration, Web Development, SAP, and Business Process Management (BPM). Connect her on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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