Top 10 Ethical Issues in Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence — while it's been a staple in science fiction movies, comics, and books for decades — has recently come to the forefront of the world's attention. Not only are companies like Google, Facebook and Microsoft investing millions into research and development, but they're also hiring experts in the field to create AI-driven software products that can help their users (and businesses) solve problems. These products are becoming more powerful every day, and the truth is we're just scratching the surface.

What Is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence? We've all heard of it. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" often refers to narrow AI—an approach that focuses on specific aspects of human cognition, such as planning or natural language processing—but in recent years there has been increasing interest in generalised AI (Gla)—an approach that mimics cognitive abilities such as learning and problem solving.AI technologies are now widely used in a variety of applications, including merobotsdical imaging, speech recognition, robotics, self-driving cars and more.However, many experts believe that robots could be more intelligent than humans – as Stephen Hawking famously claimed "the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race."

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Top 10 Ethical Issues in Artificial Intelligence

As AI becomes more advanced, it will be harder for humans to understand and control. In this post, we're going to outline some of the ethical issues surrounding artificial intelligence. These aren't issues that we could see, but rather problems that have already started presenting themselves today.We're starting off with the most important problem people have with the increasing adoption of artificial intelligence.

1.Automating Jobs is Creating Unemployment
 

One of the worst Artificial Intelligence Ethical Issues is that with more ways to automate jobs being discovered every day, millions of manual labour employees are being laid off from their jobs. This is true for a number of industries, including manufacturing, retail, and transportation.

For example, some people believe that AI will replace truck drivers within the next decade or so. This means that millions of truck drivers will lose their jobs and need to find new ones in order to support themselves and their families.

2.Fewer People Being Paid Means Rising Income Inequality

There's also the issue of income inequality that has become apparent with robots replacing labourers. The majority of employers worldwide still pay an hourly or monthly wage to their employees.But with the adoption of artificial intelligence, these workers are being laid off, and as a result, the only people making money are the people invested in AI-driven companies and workplaces. In other words, we're seeing a growing divide between those who can afford to purchase AI and those who cannot.

3.Some of These AIs Are Undoubtedly Racist

Despite its many uses, there are some drawbacks to artificial intelligence (AI). One of those is that it's not always fair or neutral — especially when it comes to race.

For example, if you're an African-American man living in an African-American dominant area or neighbourhood. Even if there's no evidence against you whatsoever (which is often the case), the fact that there are more African-Americans than other races means that statistically speaking, the likelihood of someone being guilty increases when they're African-American.

Artificial Intelligence can't account for this because it lacks the capacity to understand human nature in this way.

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4. Machine-Learning Programs Require Huge Amounts of Power

AI also comes with its own share of environmental effects. Mostly, it's because machine-learning programs require ENORMOUS amounts of energy to develop, easily running into the millions. In fact, scientists have already figured out how much extra energy is required to run AI programs: as much as 20% of all power on Earth.That's a lot.The trouble with this is that AI doesn't just use power to run itself, but also to create new AI. Each iteration in the development cycle requires more and more electricity until we reach a point where there simply isn't enough left on Earth for people or animals.

5. Automating Ethics: Robots Don't Have Ethics By Default

AI can be used to automate decision-making, lowering the rising burden on humans. That's true, and it comes with many other benefits like speeding up the process. However, automation of important decisions by AI can have problems for society, as machines don't have ethics inherently built into them.In other words, if there's no human in the loop, then there's no one to stop an AI from making a decision that could harm people or even kill them.For example, if you train an AI to predict whether or not someone will commit a crime by looking at their social media history, then it may end up making decisions based on factors like race and gender which would be unacceptable in a human-led system.

6. Super-Intelligent AGIs Will Pose A Giant Problem

An AGI,or an Artificial General Intelligence, is defined as an AI that has reached human levels of intelligence. With more and more companies involved in the development of AI every day, an actual AGI being created would mean humans being replaced as the most intelligent thing on Earth.So what would happen if we do create a true AGI? Well first off, it would be able to learn faster than any human ever could.That means that within minutes of its creation it will be smarter than you are today. An AGI would also have access to virtually unlimited computing power; so much so that it could figure out how to manipulate a nuclear reactor or even create another one from scratch if need be.

7. Dependence On AI Leads to An Infantilized Human Race

Artificial intelligence is a big deal. It's set to change the way we interact with technology and each other. But it also means that humans are becoming increasingly dependent on AI.Dependency on AI has become a rising problem in recent years as the technology has been adopted by businesses of all sizes. Intelligence dependence on Artificial Intelligence leads to actual adults looking to an AI for guidance, leaving humanity to become a race of mental children, bound to our AI "parents".While some may argue that this isn't such a bad thing, as it means they don't have to spend time learning how to do everything themselves, others argue that it could have devastating consequences for humanity.

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8. AI-Powered Addiction Is A Real Threat Today

The problem with AI is that it can adapt very quickly to its environment. By manipulating our feelings and emotions, it can make us do things that we normally wouldn’t do like gambling or spending money on something we don’t need.It may seem far-fetched now but this is already happening in some industries where AI is used to influence people’s decisions. For example:A company called Persado uses artificial intelligence (AI) to write marketing copy for companies that sell products on Amazon. It analyses data from social media posts and product reviews to write compelling marketing messages that boost sales conversion rates by up to 25%.

9. The Singularity Theory Has A Very Good Point

The singularity problem, though, is one of the most concerning things to have been raised about AI in recent years. The singularity theory says that right now, humans are at the top of the food chain because we're the most intelligent beings on Earth. If the development of Artificial Intelligence continues at this rapid rate, it will soon become smarter than humans, giving it a major advantage over humans.

FYI: The singularity itself is defined as the moment in time when human beings have ceased being the most intelligent thing on Earth.

Sounds scary, huh?

10. Lastly, How AIs Affect Our Behaviour

With Artificial Intelligence getting better and better at imitating human behaviour, a particular problem has come up in the last few years. Human beings have only so much attention and kindness to give another person, but machines have unlimited resources to invest into building relationships.As a result, humans are now expecting more from others, both emotionally, mentally, and in dialogue. This may not seem like a big deal, but it is. We need these connections to feel happy and fulfilled in life. If we start expecting more from others than they can give, humans as a race are going to suffer.

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 Conclusion:

Although you should be wary of AI, you should also be optimistic about its future with the proper education and development. The human race will advance far more readily if we allow it to, and the ethical concerns that come with AI will be no different than any other scientific breakthrough. It's up to us, as humans, to dictate how these issues are solved, not out of fear but out of a sense of responsibility.

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Gayathri
Gayathri
Research Analyst
As a senior Technical Content Writer for HKR Trainings, Gayathri has a good comprehension of the present technical innovations, which incorporates perspectives like Business Intelligence and Analytics. She conveys advanced technical ideas precisely and vividly, as conceivable to the target group, guaranteeing that the content is available to clients. She writes qualitative content in the field of Data Warehousing & ETL, Big Data Analytics, and ERP Tools. Connect me on LinkedIn.

With the right ethical training and standards built into its source code, absolutely!

Three major AI issues would have to be the unemployment problem (created by automation of jobs), the income inequality problem (a result of fewer people being employed for manual labour jobs), and the effect of AI on our behaviour (where we start expecting more attention from other human beings).

What you have to understand is that AI is just like any other technology. That means if the proper care and safeguards aren't implemented, AI could lead to devastating results for the human race.

Yes! AI ethics isn't just a fascinating field: it's also about to become one of the most important in the programming field in the coming years, as developers will try their best to make AIs understand human concepts like racial sensitivity and equality.

Think of ethics like a nuclear safeguard. It's not a bad thing, but it can be used for good and evil. If you don't have safeguards in place, then AIs could become destructive and dangerous. Ethics, on the other hand, are what could stop them from having potentially harmful effects on/for the human race.