In order to assist browser automation, Selenium provides a variety of tools and frameworks, since it is an open source platform. Without having to understand a test scripting language, it offers a playback tool for building functional tests that work across the majority of current web browsers. Selenium offers automation across numerous platforms, programming languages, and browsers. In this article, we will discuss various versions of Selenium which are Selenium 1, Selenium 2, Selenium 3, and Selenium 4 in detail.
Below are the different versions of Selenium:
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Let us now have a look at them in detail:
The implementation layer, or more simply put, the architecture of both Selenium 1 often referred to as RC and Web Driver, differs in many ways.
As the name implies, RC is a remote control that operates by utilizing the remote of the internet to insert test automation code into authored custom scripts.
The Web Driver, also referred to as Selenium 2, operates on the internet directly and executes the automated test created by the tester using features integrated into the browser. The Web driver seems to be the Remote Control's replacement.
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This serves as a drop-in replacement for Web Driver API users. The main modification was the replacement of the core with the back-end Web Driver. The W3C (global web consortium) has adopted Selenium 3.0 as a standard.
Selenium 3 is primarily intended to be a software testing tool of choice for both web-based and mobile apps. Because the JSON wire protocol underlies the browser interaction, the API must be encoded and decoded.
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In order to explain the most recent changes, Selenium 4 has updated all of the official Selenium publications, including the web driver, IDE, and Grid.
The new version of Selenium IDE is released with more functionality and is used to record and playback user interaction with the browser. As a result of adhering to the W3C standard Protocol, communication between the driver and the browser occurs directly without the need for API encoding and decoding.
In this article, we have discussed various versions of Selenium which are Selenium 1, Selenium 2, Selenium 3, and Selenium 4 along with their features. The introduction to Selenium 4 and several upcoming features for Selenium Grid, IDE, and Selenium WebDriver has been covered in this tutorial.
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