Selenium is a set of four web-based tool components used for test automation. As a known plug-in Firefox, an IDE was the first tool created for automating functional testing. A remote control for Selenium was designed for web application testing utilizing test scripts developed in any computer language, then came along. The following Selenium tool, together with web drivers for the major browsers, was the Selenium Web Driver. The introduction of Selenium Grid finally worked with web drivers, with the Grid serving as a hub or server as well as for the browser drivers serving as nodes. In this article, we will discuss various tools in detail.
Selenium is a group of software tools with a variety of approaches to supporting automation testing. One of the most popular open-source Web Automation testing tools is Selenium. Jason Huggins created it first in 2004 as a tool for Thought Works' internal use. Selenium offers automation across numerous platforms, programming languages, and browsers. It is made up of four main parts, including:
The Selenium Automation Framework's various tools serve very varied purposes. These tools are changed and, in some cases, have been combined as Selenium has advanced. Selenium requires a lot of expertise, especially if you want to utilize it as your sole testing automation framework. Understanding what each tool is capable of and how they function together is just the beginning.
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Selenium IDE implements recording and playback features for test scripts as a Mozilla Firefox extension.
The testers are also given the confidence for testing the scripts designed in Python, Java, Ruby, HTML, C#, J Unit, R Spec, and TestNG thanking Selenium IDE.
Selenium IDE comprises a relatively limited set of variables, and the test scripts created using it are not very workable, reliable, or portable. All browsers are blatantly supported by the Selenium IDE. Selenium 1 supports browsers such as Firefox 3, 2, and 3.x. Opera version 8,9, and 10 as well as Safari version 2,3,4 are supported. Both Firefox Add-On and a Chrome Extension are used to implement it. Additionally, it supports auto-completion and offers the capability of swift command movement.
Selenium RC, which Selenium has officially deprecated, enables manual testers to write scripts in any supported programming language or scripting language for automation tests on the web as well as mobile applications.
Additionally, it assigns a duty to a proxy HTTP server that allows an understanding of whether the tested app originates from a domain that can be evaluated in a web browser. It also includes the following two parts:
By far the most useful and significant component of Selenium Suite is the Selenium Web Driver.
It offers an interface for creating and running test cases that are based on programming or scripting. Test scripts—which are almost certainly web tests—are written to identify online components before creating the intended task to be performed on those parts on websites or portals.
As explicit internet browser calls are available without any intermediary, Selenium web driver effectiveness is significantly increased. In order to have the most similar driver for every browser, Web Driver directly affects various browsers or compilers. Some commonly used web drivers are
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It is known that the vital part of the Selenium Suite is the Selenium Grid, enabling the user to run the tests on many servers or computers as opposed to various or specific browsers in the form of a parallel setting.
In other terms, the user can argue that he is able to parallelize the output and then execute the script tests across multiple virtual or physical machines that are powered by various operating systems and web browsers.
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In this article, we have discussed Selenium tools. The best and most efficient testing tool for testing web- or mobile-based user interfaces is selenium tools, which is free and open-source for web developers. Selenium is a group of software tools with a variety of approaches to supporting automation testing. It is made up of four main parts, including Selenium IDE, Selenium Remote Control, WebDriver, and Selenium Grid
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An open-source program called Selenium automates web browsers. It offers a single interface that enables you to create test scripts in a number of different programming languages, including Ruby, PHP, Python, Java, NodeJS, Perl, and C#.
It provides a playback tool for authoring functional tests across most modern web browsers, without the need to learn a test scripting language
Various benefits are: Open-Source, Supports OS, Support across browsers, Tests across devices, Constant updates, and easy implementation.