selenium IDE

Here, we will discuss further the Selenium IDE, including some of the features it offers, like speed control, roll up, step, etc. We will also discuss the types of Selenium commands, their limitations, and the installation process. We will discuss more on the various advancement with the new Selenium IDE. And last but not least, we will answer some FAQs in extreme detail. Read the article until the end to enhance your knowledge of Selenium IDE.

What is Selenium IDE

Selenium IDE (Integrated Development Environment) is primarily a record/run tool that a test case developer uses for Selenium test cases. Selenium IDE is a user-friendly tool from the Selenium Test Suite. It can even be used by somebody developing automated test cases for their web applications. 

Selenium IDE permits a user or a test case developer to form the test cases and test suites and edit them later as per their necessities. Moreover, the development environment provides the potential to change test cases to totally different programming languages, making it easier for the user and not mandating the necessity of knowing a particular programming language.

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Types of Selenium IDE Commands

1. Actions

Actions are the Selenium commands that usually manipulate the application's state. Execution of Actions generates events like clicking this link, choosing that option, typing this box, etc. 
 Examples of Actions commands include: open (url), type (locator,value), click (locator) etc.

2. Accessors

 Accessors are the Selenium commands that check the state of the appliance and store the results in variables. 
 Examples of Accessors commands include: storeTitle (variableName), storeValue (variableName) etc.

3. Assertions

Assertions are the commands that offer testers to confirm the application's state. Assertions are usually utilized in 3 modes assert, verify and wait for. 

Examples of Assertions commands are: verifySelected(selectLocator, optionLocator), verifyAlert(pattern), verifyAllLinks(pattern) etc.

Limitations of Selenium IDE

  • To perform regression testing is not plausible. The recorded scripts cannot be executed on the new build if the application changes dynamically. 
  • Retesting of the application cannot be performed. Test the login working with multiple sets of various credentials. Test the one-way search functionality with numerous groups of origin. 
  • Performing static testing like availability checking in Selenium IDE isn't plausible. 
  • Selenium IDE will not give the elaborated test report or build status report for the analysis.
  • Iteration and conditional testing are not supported in Selenium IDE.

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Installation of Selenium IDE

Since, Selenium IDE is available only on Mozilla and Google Chrome plug-ins, you must first install one of those. Otherwise, Selenium cannot be installed in your system. 

Follow the necessary steps to download and install the IDE: -

  • First, launch the Mozilla Firefox browser on your desktop.
  • Then, you must click on ‘ADD TO FIREFOX.’

Installation of Selenium IDE step1

  • A pop-up dialog box will appear, asking you to add Selenium IDE as an extension to your Firefox browser.
  • Then, you must click on the ‘Add’ button.

Installation of Selenium IDE step2

  • After that, restart your Firefox browser.
  • You will find the logo of the Selenium IDE in the top-right corner of the Firefox browser.
  • Then, click on that icon to launch Selenium IDE.

Installation of Selenium IDE step3

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Advancements With New Selenium IDE

Re-usability of Test Scripts

Many of the test scripts within the original version needed signing into an application, making an account, or signing out of the app. As you will see, this is often redundant and a waste of your time to recreate these steps over and over. Thankfully, the new Selenium IDE permits one script to run another.  

Debugging in IDE

The Selenium IDE facilitates the debugging of test scripts as well. It permits the user to produce breakpoints where the test script's execution halts, allowing the user to examine the browser's state.

Control Flow Statements 

Pop-ups, notifications, and subscription windows may be handled simply using the control flow statements. If "X" comes, do "this" to take it. Conditional logic (control flow) statements may be added further to the IDE test script. The IDE can execute control flow statements like conditional branching and iteration.

Selenium Side-Runner

The new Selenium IDE permits users to run all Selenium IDE tests on any browser, in parallel, and on a Grid while not being required to write any code. It ensures that the test suite executes quickly.

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Features of Selenium IDE

Speed Control – The speed control feature helps the user to control the speed of the test cases of the Selenium scripts.

Run All – This feature allows the user to run the entire test suite. This way, it will run all the test cases present in a test suite simultaneously.

Run – Unlike Run All, this feature allows users to run one selected test case simultaneously.

Pause/Resume: The waiting time is in milliseconds. You should enter 3000 to wait for 3 seconds. If one pauses | 0 or pauses without any number, execution gets paused until the user clicks the RESUME button.

Step – This unique Selenium IDE feature helps the user step into each command in the test script.

Rollup – The Rollup feature allows the user to group the entire Selenese Commands. After that, it makes the commands execute as a single operation.

Automatically record test cases - Selenium IDE has the option to automatically record the test cases by understanding the communications with a website. For users who would not need that, there's an option to disable it also. 

In-built Assertion functionality - When test scripts are engineered via Selenium IDE, users get the choice to verify and add asserts to test scripts. Using such commands, users will understand the properties of websites proficiently. 

Comes with multiple actions - Selenium IDE runs on a collection of commands popularly called the "Selenese." This is often the command that helps the tester or developer describe the items IDE has to watch out for. 

Responsive web bugs have nowhere to hide - Selenium IDE will help pinpoint the real reason behind front-end bugs. Every Selenium IDE script run with the Visual Grid will help to analyze with the Applitools Root Cause Analysis. 

Third-party plugins support – You can install the plugins into your Selenium IDE to do some of the volume load testing cloud, upload scripts to a cloud, or any production application observing services. 

Selenium IDE runs from Continuous Integration build scripts – SIDE Runner is called from the cmd command. You can fit it into the CI build scripts, so the CI server will be able to call selenium-ide-runner and upload the .side file as a build artifact. 

Selenium IDE is now cross-browser – Selenium IDE takes the Selenium script, saved as a .side file, and runs it with the assistance of a browser driver like Geckodriver, IE Driver, SafariDriver, ChromeDriver.

Visually test responsive web apps – When testing the visual UI of the responsive web applications, it's much better to do it on totally different screen sizes to ensure that nothing appears out of whack.

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We have extensively covered the topic of Selenium IDE, including its features, limitations, commands, etc. IDE set-up is fast and straightforward. Basic programming knowledge is necessary to run the scripts.Its simple interface makes it the most effective tool in the Selenium suite. Ultimately, we will conclude that it's a perfect tool for automation testing and eliminating manual errors from a program.

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Selenium IDE offers the user a GUI to quickly record interactions with the website. It enables the user to make test cases and test suites and edit them later.

Nothing special is needed to use Selenium IDE, but only the addition of the extension of the user’s specific browser is required.

You can use Selenium IDE when there is a need to enhance test case creation speed. It helps users to take records quickly and playback the tests in the virtual environment that will run.

IDE is suitable for less technical testers to create a visual, grid-like example of the thing they want to test. The WebDriver is used for much more complicated tests that require looping, performing setup, or interacting with external systems.

XPath is a methodology used in Selenium that helps testers navigate through a page's HTML structure. It can be used on HTML as well as XML documents. 

With the help of TestNG, you can make your tests more structured, readable, and friendly. TestNG also offers powerful features and reporting.

The 3 significant components of Selenium IDE are Selenium IDE, WebDriver and RC, and Grid.

The 4 main tools used in Selenium testing are Selenium IDE, Selenium Remote Control, Selenium WebDriver, and Selenium Grid.

  1. Install a Selenium library. Setting up the Selenium library for your favorite programming language.
  2. Install browser drivers. Setting up your system to allow a browser to be automated.
  3. Open and close a browser with Selenium.
  4. Write your first Selenium script.
  5. Upgrade to Selenium 4.

It is an open-source tool that automates web browsers. It offers a single interface that lets testers write test scripts in programming languages like Java, PHP, Python, etc.