Scrum Tutorial

From over time, there has been a massive shift of Scrum and its implementations in the IT and non-IT fields. It involved an end-to-end interpretation of the Scrum system and the related methodologies. Our detailed Scrum tutorial will allow you to gain insight into many facets of Scrum and then become a productivity enabler in your organisation. Depending on the Scrum Guide, our Scrum tutorial focuses on educating you on the core principles of Scrum, something that you can quickly ingest and apply in your project in order to achieve the required results.

The Scrum Architecture Tutorial also focuses on the three key points of Scrum, namely openness, inspection and adaptation, and allows you to make an in-depth knowledge of Scrum's functions, events and objects. Designed to help practitioners with a wide range of skills and experience, our online Scrum tutorial for beginners and experts offers the perfect combination of information and implementable insights to achieve these goals at the enterprise level.

In order to guarantee that you will have a team working cohesively and adjusts to transitions, this Scrum Guide tutorial also addresses the discreet roles and responsibilities of Scrum and shows the strength of each. This brings you on a journey of the distinctive features of the Scrum system that helps a high-performance team to produce goods incrementally.

To gain in-depth knowledge with practical experience, then explore Scrum Training

Our online Scrum tutorial has the ability to help a vast array of IT professionals especially Scrum practitioners. Scrum Masters, Product Owners, Developers and practitioners strongly linked with Scrum ventures will further their understanding of Scrum and get away with useful insights. Entry-level practitioners and Scrum experts with relevant work experience can also gain an in-depth understanding of the topic addressed in the Scrum Technique Tutorial.

What is Scrum?

Scrum stands for Systematic Customer Resolution Unraveling Meeting. Scrum is a structure for the production, distribution and maintenance of complex goods. It is basically a system in which people can solve dynamic, adaptive problems. At the same time, they will produce goods with the highest possible value in a constructive and innovative way.

Scrum Methodology:

Scrum methodology is an iterative and incremental project management structure primarily used in agile software development. The scrum approach describes the functional software, the versatility to change associated with emerging communication, teamwork and market realities.

Scrum is regarded as an iterative process as it progresses it toward the target by continual enhancements. The development team is taking the very first big phase in the project. We write the code on the basis of the specifications gathered and are mindful that it may be weak in certain places. The team then recursively improves these particular areas till the result is acceptable. Further information is applied with each successive iteration and the programme is enhanced. 

Scrum is called an incremental process since the programme is designed and distributed in parts. Growing increments is a full subclass of the final system to be generated. Each increment is completely coded and checked in a standard Scrum environment. Simply put, "completed" work is carried out during the project. Iterations are done in time-boxed intervals called sprints. Each sprint has a set period of time.

Characteristics of Scrum:

The unique characteristics of the scrum are:

  • Lightweight framework: Scrum is a lightweight frame. It contains laws and procedures that are limited in number and easy to obey. 
  • Simplicity: Scrum's special identity is that it's easy to grasp. This makes the structure easy for beginners to grasp.
  • Difficult to master: There is a major gap in knowing Scrum and applying Scrum in real-time projects. It's therefore a little difficult to master Scrum. You need to train in real time and understand the principles in depth. When working with Scrum, one should better understand why each component is in place, how it delivers value as a discrete element, and also in relation to the other components.
Applications of Scrum:

Scrum was initially designed to coordinate and produce goods. Scrum has gained worldwide prominence as early as the 1990s:

  • Research and recognise niche markets, innovations and product potential; 
  • Develop goods and make the requisite improvements; 
  • Release products and upgrades often; 
  • Develop and manage Cloud (on-line, stable, on-demand and other operating environments for product use; 
  • Sustain and refresh your goods.

frequently asked Scrum Interview Questions and Answers

Scrum Theory:

Scrum was based on the principle of empiric process management, also known as empiricism. Empiricism states that wisdom is derived from the practise of making choices based on what we know. Scrum is focusing on how to manage risk and maximise predictability. These three pillars support each and every implementation of empiric process control: adaptation, accountability and inspection.

Transparency: We have many critical considerations for all Scrum processes that need to be seen by those responsible for the deliverables. This requires that all parts be specified in accordance with common standards. The viewers thus have a shared perception of what is being seen.

Inspection:Those employed on Scrum must periodically inspect the Scrum objects and make progress towards the Sprint Target in order to spot unwanted differences in the timeline. This inspection should be carried out more regularly so as not to interrupt the efficient working period. From the point of work, the inspection guarantees benefits as they are carefully done by highly trained inspectors.

Adaption: By going through this process, the inspection shows that one or more aspects of the process deviate from the outside approval requirements and that the delivered product is not suitable, so that the team has to make changes to the process or to the material being handled. The earlier the changes are made, the greater the minimization of the further variance.

The company introducing Scrum ensures that team members come together to discuss complex issues. Scrum is working in the following areas such as:

  • Foro example, software development starts with key features such as product backlog.
  • Sprint is the  heart of the scrum.
  • In daily scrum, the team needs to meet to discuss the progress of the work.

Scrum Best Practices:

The production team will produce quality products by following the following Scrum practises: 

  • Define the just-in-time' necessity to make the features of the product more important. 
  • Take input from the Product Owner every day. 
  • Daily Sprint Reviews should include the stakeholders 
  • The Scrum team should hold an event called Sprint Retrospective to strengthen how they work. 
  • Arrange offline meetings for face-to-face discussions.
  • Don't wear out the members of the team. 
  • Trust the members of the team. 
  • Respect the balance between the personal and professional life of the team members in order to make work easier.

Scrum History:

In the modern past, markets, both IT and non-IT, have undergone a Scrum revolution. What began as a way of simplifying processes in a collaborative setting has become an industry-wide phenomenon. Today, Scrum is a living legend in a largely mature business ecosystem. Scrum's history has a lot to do with the origin, development and progressive growth of the architecture.

  • 1993 is the year of the first scrum. It was first introduced by Jeff Sutherland, John Scumniotales and Jeff McKenna at the Easel Corporation in 1993.
  • 1995: Introduced “The Scrum Development process” paper
  • 2001: Introduced “Agile Manifesto” guide
  • 2002: Formed “Scrum Alliance” organization
  • 2014: Presented “The Value of Scrum to Organizations”
  • 2016: Formed first fully Scalable Scrum
Why do you use Scrum?

Previously we preferred to use the waterfall model for the software developments, but there are many issues in the waterfall model. Its implementation results in failures and risks. In order to overcome the pitfalls and drawbacks of the waterfall model, scrum came into existence. 

Scrum is one of the most common methods of Agile evolution in all respects. It is an adaptive, fast, scalable, gradual, iterative and effective approach designed to deliver acceptable qualities efficiently across the project. Scrum is responsible for ensuring transparency of contact in the continuous development of the project.

The entire thing is fragmented into 2 parts in order to obtain a few of the functionality to the testing teams before the end of the development period. With the Scrum approach, we can produce a small working software product after each interaction and input from stakeholders to increase or modify the project according to the response. These are the fundamental principles of the Agile methodology. In the end, the project is not for us it is for customers. 

Learn more about Agile VS Scrum from this Article Difference between Agile and Scrum!

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Benefits of using Scrum:

A powerful enabler for organisations, Scrum provides its users unprecedented benefits. The most important problems were identified below- 

  • Scrum engages in regular collaboration between team members which contributes to organizational communication and partnerships between them. 
  • Finalization of production using the concept of finished work addresses creation, integration, testing and production documentation. 
  • Doing a regular Scrum retrospective helps Scrum teams to increase the quality of Scrum work.
  • Provide prompt response of the software product in short iterations. 
  • Updating and evaluating as per the criteria of the client. 
  • Easy to understand, but it may be difficult to follow the method. 
  • The participation of stakeholders in the sprint analysis meetings increases the team's performance.
Financial benefits of scrum:

We've already addressed Scrum's benefits as a whole. These benefits are true and meaningful and provide the desired performance. Apart from basic and necessary benefits, Scrum can also produce high financial benefits for organisations. This could also include the return on investment benefits, which form a significant part of any organization's decision to commit to the budget and scope.

Let us take a brief look at the financial advantages of Scrum- 

  • Having frequent reviews from stakeholders and consumers at review meetings helps to make early corrections that result in lower cost and lower time usage. 
  • If the sprint fails, the iteration will fail more quickly, resulting in a decreased cost of failure. 
  • If the execution cost is minimal, teams can increase the resource margin and reduce the investment. 
  • Employee participation yields better outcomes and less errors.
Scrum Values:

The Scrum Guide was originally based on the three foundations of Scrum. These three pillars are Transparency, Inspection and Adaptation. These foundations ensured that the team worked collaboratively, adapted to the changes and respected each other's decisions during work.

Along with the Scrum processes, there are the core Scrum Principles on which the Scrum system is based. There are the following: 

Commitment :Scrum teams must be dedicated to success and able to have realistic goals and to stick to them. This is a team activity where you are part of a team, and you are responsible for working together and complying with your obligations.

Focus :The incremental process and efficient completion in Scrum serves to maintain us focused on the goal of the project. Once the criteria are clear and the target is set, the most successful way to accomplish the goal is to be objective-oriented. This motivates you to perform quicker, better and more. By concentrating more on a target, you can avoid wasted resources and deliver on time. This Scrum benefit leverages a lower risk rate and offers enough time to refine and produce what is required.

Openness: Induction of Scrum requires clarity and openness. We need to look at reality with a clear end target in order to make sensible changes. Team members should be transparent about their jobs, their success, what they have learned and the challenges they face. You should also be open to collaborating with friends, treating people as individuals, and not assets, machines or replaceable hardware.

Respect: As a member of the Scrum team, they must value your colleagues, their opinions and their expertise. As an effective team member, you can appreciate diversity as well. You should value your stakeholders by not constructing something that people are not interested in. You need to respect the users fairly by solving their problems. As a responsible team member, you need to comply entirely with the Scrum structure and the related Scrum responsibilities. You should value each other as part of the Scrum team.

Courage: Adaptation to change is the cornerstone of every Scrum project and bravery is required to embrace change. 
Scrum is all about taking chances and seeking an optimised solution. The Scrum team is encouraged to think of the best and most suitable solutions for various workshop approaches. We need to communicate these new concepts to the team in order to incorporate new stuff for the project.

By implementing these 5 Scrum values in the project, you finally get your team to obey the simple Scrum principles. These principles help to harmonise the team so that they work with each other to generate new ideas for improved performance.

Scrum Ceremonies:

The scrum ceremonies are:

Sprint Planning: The sprint starts with both the team transferring reports from the release backlog to the sprint backlog; it is hosted by the scrum master. The Testers estimate the effort to assess the different storeys in the Sprint Backlog. 

Daily Scrum: It's hosted by the scrum master, and lasts about 15 minutes. During the Daily Scrum, the participants would discuss the work done the previous day, the work scheduled for the next day and the challenges encountered during the sprint. The success of the regular stand-up meeting team is monitored.
Sprint Review/Retrospective: It is also organized by the scrum master, which lasts between 2-4 hours and explores what the team has done in the last sprint and what lessons have been learned.

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Scrum Framework:

Scrum is an intercatice, easy, people centric framework designed on the core values of scrum such as openness, commitment, courage, respect and focus.The Scrum framework consists of Scrum teams aligned with Scrum Roles, Scrum Ceremonies, Scrum Artifacts and Scrum Rules. Each aspect of the Scrum structure has unique grounds and is a key factor in Scrum's success, whilst the Scrum rules bind together ceremonies, roles and artefacts to regulate the partnership among them.

For detailed information please go through the scrum framework here.

Testing report:

Scrum Test metrics reporting brings clarity and exposure to project stakeholders. The recorded metrics help the team to assess their success and prepare their future programs to enhance the product. There are two metrics that are sometimes used to report. They are:

  • Burndown Chart: 
  • Velocity history graph

Burn down chart: Daily, Scrum Master records the approximate remaining work for the sprint. It's nothing but the Burn Down Map. It's changed every day. 

A burndown chart provides a brief summary of the progress of the project, this chart includes details such as the overall amount of work to be completed in the project, the amount of work to be completed during each sprint, and so on.

History of velocity graph: The history of velocity graph estimates the velocity of the team reached in each sprint. It is a bar graph that represents how the performance of the teams has changed over time.

Scrum of Scrums:

Scrum Scrums is a method used to scale scrum up to large groups of Twelve individuals, where groups are split into Agile teams of 5-10. Every day, Scrum includes a designated participant as "ambassador" to engage in a regular meeting with ambassadors from other teams called Scrum of Scrums.

The purpose behind the scrum of scrums is:

Scrum of Scrums is a cross-team synchronisation approach used in the case of a day-to-day stand-up meeting where several teams are involved, the key motivation behind Scrum of Scrums is to assist agile teams in order to increase team productivity and also to help them communicate and organise their work with other teams.

Scrum Scrums frequently play a part in problem-solving and decision-making. Suppose, for example, that if every team has an issue with efficient product ownership and job prioritisation, then all potential solutions will be addressed. 

The general goal is to keep the teams flowing and the overall deliverables on schedule.

Patterns for adopting and spreading scrum:

There are different ways to adopt Scrum. These involve four patterns of the organization's adoption of Scrum. These four trends present a couple of concerns that need to be discussed at the beginning of Scrum's adoption in any project or organisation. Those are the following questions:

  • Do we start with one or two teams, or do we convert all teams at the same time? 
  • Should we announce our intention (maybe only to those in the business, but maybe to the public as well or keep the change still for now?

Let's see the four patterns below for the adoption of Scrum. They are:

  • Start Small or Go All In
  • Public Display of Agility or Stealth Mod

Patterns for spreading Scrum:

Adopting Scrum is one thing, and spreading Scrum around the enterprise is another thing. Adopting Scrum involves four patterns viz, Start Small or Go All In and Stealth Mode or Agility Public Show. You will learn these four patterns in-depth in this blog. As for Mike Cohn, there are three general patterns that are all about scrum spreading through organisations. 

The first two trends involve a team that has just begun successfully introducing Scrum and then using its team members to seed new tea.The third trend includes scrum spreading by the use of internal coaches by attempting different methods. The three approaches to scrum spread are described below.

Split and seed pattern

The Split-and-Seed pattern is used after an initial pair of teams have adopted Scrum and are doing less than a bunch of Sprints. At this point in time, the team members begin to realise the key objective of working on the Scrum team. Sure, team members won't make sense of anything except that sprints can end up with working software and function collaboratively. The truth is that the team may take some time to make Scrum nice, but Scrum is still trying to feel normal.

Related Article: Agile Scrum Methodologies

Grow and split pattern

The growing-and-split pattern differs from the split-and-seed pattern. This includes recruiting people to the team until the team is big enough to be easily divided into two. After separation, the size of the new teams would be limited, varying from five to nine members. After allowing the new teams to sprint at this reduced size, new members will be introduced before each team becomes big enough to be divided. This strategy repeats itself until the entire project or company has transitioned.

Internal Coaching

Internal Coaching is the third pattern of Scrum spread. In this pattern, coaches were provided with unique authorities, such as attending Sprint Preparation, Sprint Analysis and Sprint Retrospective meetings; one daily Scrum per week and two hours per week for coaching teams. The adoption of Scrum by Philips Research is the best example of Scrum's third spread pattern.

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Scrum with distributed teams:

Distributed Scrum teams are often referred to as virtual teams or remote teams and can be described as: Individuals that work on the same team but are based in different places.

In the case of large-scale growth, it also refers to: Multiple collaborative teams, not based in the same place.

If you choose distributed scrum teams there are enormous benefits. 

Scaling up teams in a short period of time, based on the fast-changing market conditions, is critical for companies and dispersed teams are the latest developments in the growth of the workplace. Many organisations are adjusting to this latest transition to work with the best talent in the industry. While this is not a new idea, it is becoming a popular organisational paradigm as technology makes it easier for workers to work from anywhere. At the end of the day, both companies and workers profit from the dispersed teams.

Distributed scrum teams help in various team and business benefits. They are Enhanced productivity, Increases self-confidence, Reduces stress levels, Flexible working hours, Better work-life balance, Saved commuting time, Fewer costs, Closer to clients, Hire talent anywhere, More productive workforce.

The role of scrum teams in the distributed environment is as follows.

  • The position of Scrum Master is crucial in a distributed setting, since setups typically have more obstacles that require the attention and effort of Scrum Masters. In reality, the Scrum Master should be situated where the team is, or else it would be difficult to eliminate hindrances in daily work. It's optional to have a nearby Scrum Master on the remote site.
  • It is crucial to have an involved and dedicated Product Owner at one geographic location, even though the team is located in one or more separate locations, as the Product Owner guides the team in producing a successful project.
  • Since the team itself is distributed between various places, the members of the team need a real dedication to working relationships, tools and expertise to produce working apps.


Over the last 10 years, there has been an ever-increasing volume of success stories in which businesses have significantly increased the success and performance of their IT growth teams and agile-practice initiatives. This has contributed to agile adoption across a wide spectrum of sectors, including media and technology, large companies, and even government.

The Agile System allows teams to benefit from the following: 

  • Faster Time to Delivery/Market 
  • Reducing confusion and risk 
  • Increase the return on investment (ROI) by concentrating on the importance of the consumer 
  • Scrum has proven to be highly popular in the world over the last 20 years among these various agile methodologies.

Scrum is a process system that specifies certain rules, events and tasks for regularity. It can however be tailored to any organisation on the basis of needs, given that the basic scrum rules are not violated.

Related Articles:

1. Agile And Scrum Certification Training

2. Certified Scrum Developer Training

3. Professional Scrum Master PSM Certification Training

4. Scrum Training In Hyderabad

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As a Senior Writer for HKR Trainings, Sai Manikanth has a great understanding of today’s data-driven environment, which includes key aspects such as Business Intelligence and data management. He manages the task of creating great content in the areas of Digital Marketing, Content Management, Project Management & Methodologies, Product Lifecycle Management Tools. Connect with him on LinkedIn and Twitter.