Python v/s C#

Python and C# are both open-source, object-oriented programming languages in the computer field with a huge community. Both are known to have their in-built libraries as well as tools that are present inside their catalog. Where python is known for its faster and better performance, C# is also known as C sharp is known for its maintenance and debugging capabilities. However, both these languages have their own benefits. This article will be covering the basics of python as well as C# along with the comparisons between these two languages. We will also talk about potential reasons why both these languages can be used, the features of these two languages along with the pros and cons of python and C#. Later, we will have a look into which language is better than the other.

Python vs C# - Table of Content

What is Python

Python is a computer programming language that was designed by Guido van Rossum. The release date of python is 1991 and is majorly used in web development, scripting systems, mathematics, and the development of software. The programmers use python language along with the software which creates workflows. We also use python for handling work-related big data and for performing complex mathematical problems. Along with this, Python comes into use for the fast prototyping and development of software.

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Python works as both procedural and object-oriented language for users. It is free as well as open-source and works well with various operating systems like Mac, MS, Linux, etc. Python is always chosen because of its feature of readability as it has a lot of similarities with English with a hint of maths.

Let us see a basic program in Python language:

print("Welcome to python v/s C Sharp tutorial")

The output of the python program:

Welcome to python v/s C Sharp tutorial

Why Python Programming Language

Python lies in the top 10 list of best programming languages. It is majorly used for the development of GUI applications and web applications. It provides its users the ability to design a code that is easily readable and maintainable. There is a presence of third-party packages in python where the modules promote the communication within a few languages as well as platforms. In addition to this, 

Python language consists of internet protocols, operations related to strings, interfaces in operating systems as well as web services present inside a standard library. A lot of tasks that are executed are already there in the library which is scripted hence reducing the unnecessary writing work in the programs. Due to its object-oriented design, python has tremendous testing capabilities in its own framework which contributes to improved productivity as well as better speed.

What is C#

C#, just like python is known to be an object-oriented programming language. We can also pronounce it as C Sharp. The main role of the development of this language was to give a tough competition to Java developed by Microsoft. This language was designed by Anders Heijlberg along with his team. Hence, C# is also developed by Microsoft only and provides a free and open-source platform for its users. There are a total of 86 keywords present in the C# language provided to the users. However, there are pointers in C# that users can only use during the unsafe mode.

Let us see a basic program in C# language:

namespace HKR

{

    class abc {         

        static void Main(string[] args)

        {

            System.Console.WriteLine("Welcome to python v/s C Sharp tutorial");

        }

    }

}

The output of the C# program is:

Welcome to python v/s C Sharp tutorial

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Why C# Programming Language

C sharp is a high-level, easy-to-go language. It is very close to other famous languages such as java, python, C, etc. The syntax also is somewhat similar to those languages hence it is very easy to grasp. This language is majorly used to develop web applications as well as Desktop applications. C Sharp falls under the category of most famous languages when it comes to using the professional desktop. For example, if a user wants to create apps in Microsoft, C# is the right choice for him.

Python Vs C#

Development:

Python is an object-oriented language that is open source and free of cost to its developers. C# is developed by Microsoft and it also provides a free and open-source platform for its users. However, when python supports multi-paradigm programming and is structured, C# is only oriented to objects and their functions.

Software:

Python is able to integrate itself with .NET, javascript, java, etc. However, The main requirement of c# is .net SDK. Then the ecosystem of .net interop with languages such as javascript, VB.NET, python, etc.

Platform:

Python has always been flexible in providing interactive platforms to its users for writing. However, the user mainly writes the C# code in Jupyter notebook and it can further be made interactive with other languages using dot-net interactive.

Keywords:

There is a total of 33 keywords present in python whereas C# has a total of 86 keywords.

Type:

Python is a dynamically typed language whereas C# is a statically typed language.

Extension:

Python follows .py extensions whereas c# follows .cs extension.

Declaration:

Python doesn't need to declare a variable before a user starts using it however c# needs to display before writing a variable.

If you want to Explore more about Python? then read our updated article - Python Tutorial.

Features Of Python

Third-party modularity: There is a presence of third-party packages in python where the modules promote the communication within a few languages and platforms.

Extensive libraries: Python language consists of internet protocols, operations related to strings, interfaces in operating systems as well as web services present inside a standard library. A lot of tasks that are executed are already there in the library which is scripted hence reducing the unnecessary writing work in the programs.

Open source: Python is an open-source language and provides an OSI-approved license for easy commercial use. 

User-friendly: Python is a user-friendly language that allows its users to design the data structures within the language quickly during the runtime process.

Speed: Due to its object-oriented design, python has tremendous testing capabilities in its own framework which contributes to improved productivity as well as better speed.

Features of C#

Simple and easy: C# is a very basic and easy-to-learn language provisioning a sense of defined as well as structured approach. It has a total of 86 keywords and a huge set of tools and libraries for web development.

Typesafe: The type-safe code in C# only accesses the memory location to which it has permission for the execution. This feature helps in improving the security of the c# program.

Scalable: It is possible to scale as well as update the C# language. Scalability is performed by deleting the old c# files and updating them with the new ones. 

Rich Library: c# has a total of 86 keywords and a huge set of tools, in-built functions, and libraries for web development.

Speed: The compilation speed of c# programs is very fast.

Pros and Cons of Python

Pros

  • As we say c#  is a statistically-typed language, while Python is dynamically typed which is a major advantage for this language.
  • Python is considered to be one of the highest level languages which are very easy to learn, write and read.
  • Python follows interpretation which means python executes its code line by line.
  • It is free for its developers and provides an open-source platform.
  • Python provides an amazing opportunity to its developers where a code written runs can be executed anywhere. Like C, C# a user does not need to change the code again and again.

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Cons of Python

  • As we discussed that python is an interpreted language hence it will execute the code line by line. But this whole process reduces the execution speed of the python program.
  • Each python program when stored consumes a large amount of memory in the storage. This becomes a major drawback while developing large-scale applications in python.
  • As we have discussed earlier also that python is a dynamically typed language, which means the variables can get changed anytime. This can cause a lot of run-time errors during the development phase in python.

Pros and Cons of C#

Pros

  • As C# is a statically-typed language, it is very easy to read, hence leading to less debugging time.
  • There is an automatic process for garbage collection in C#.
  • The cost of maintenance for C# is very less as compared to other languages
  • This language is very safe to run

Cons

  • C# is a lot less flexible language as it depends a lot on the .net framework.
  • The speed of running a program is very less.
  • Every time a user makes changes in his program, he needs to run the code again.

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Which Language is Better: C# Or Python?

It is a very tricky task to choose between C# and Python. Both these languages are great in all their aspects but both have their drawbacks too. Still, both these languages are used for building the software.

Both C# and Python are object-oriented, high-level, as well as easy-to-grasp languages. Both are known for their development along with good performance. However, when we talk about C#, it is a more straight and organized language having a much faster runtime. On the other side, Python is also easy to learn, read and write as compared to C# and it also has a huge number of standard libraries. Hence one has to make a very wise choice before choosing one of them for building their application.

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Conclusion

If a user is comfortable programming in python and he still wants to learn a language that is in high demand in the market these days, then c# is not just great but the best contender in that field. In this article, we have discussed both Python as well as C#, where python is more of an object-oriented, dynamically-typed language as compared to C#. It is more of an object-oriented, statically-typed language. You will also understand the potential of both these languages along with the advantages, disadvantages, and features. 

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Saritha Reddy
Saritha Reddy
Research Analyst
A technical lead content writer in HKR Trainings with an expertise in delivering content on the market demanding technologies like Networking, Storage & Virtualization,Cyber Security & SIEM Tools, Server Administration, Operating System & Administration, IAM Tools, Cloud Computing, etc. She does a great job in creating wonderful content for the users and always keeps updated with the latest trends in the market. To know more information connect her on Linkedin, Twitter, and Facebook.

According to the survey by glassdoor, python developer makes more money than C#. It is because a major portion of C# is also dependent on .NET

Yes python can do all the tasks that can be done in c#.

Python and java give a tough competition to C#.

There are a lot of other languages that are good for ML, however, C# can also be used along with .NET platforms for machine learning.

Both python and java are very independent languages, whereas C# is not. That's the reason why c# didnt become so popular.

Yes. C# is faster than python when we talk about its runtime.