Linux is basically an operating system similar to windows, MAC, etc. It is used for managing the hardware like CPU, and laptops with the resources present in the system directly. It is open-source and its source code is easily available. Anyone having programming knowledge can customise the operating system. One can contribute, modify, distribute, and enhance the code for any successful connection between the hardware as well as the software. In this article, we will be discussing how we can make use of Linux, Linux distributions, its structure, and architecture along with its advantages and disadvantages.
Linux is an operating system similar to android, windows, MAC, etc. It is a version of UNIX systems and is used for managing the hardware like CPU, and laptops with the resources present in the system directly. It also helps in making a successful connection between the hardware as well as the software. It is an open-source OS that provides its customers with the freedom to run any program, research how the program is running, freedom of dispensing duplicates of the modified versions as well as freedom of helping the neighbour.
This operating system consists of the main component which is the GNU tools. This tool helps the user in managing the resources present in the kernel, installing additional software, configuring the performance as well as security issues, and a lot more. All these features help in making Linux a functional and successful operating system. There are combinations of some software that can vary between the Linux distributions as Linux is an open-source platform.
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Linux OS has majorly 3 components that need to be understood before starting to use Linux.
Below are the different ways of using the Linux operating system:
There are hundreds of people who run Linux OS with multiple Linux servers but they are not aware of it. Therefore, a user can put extra desktops for a good purpose as a lot of admins are open to sharing their spare boxes in exchange for free OS shell accounts. A free OS shell account is very simple and easy to use and cost-free too. The basic requirement for using this is the user needs to learn the Linux commands, scripting in the shell, python terminologies, and the basics of web development. For example, there is a shell called Blinkenshell founded in 2006, which provides a Linux shell for learning Unix, using IRC, hosting simple websites, as well as sharing files.
It is possible to use Linux on windows in the year 2019, Microsoft started the shipment of Linux with Windows. It means a user can run Linux apps from Windows in the form of the second iteration of WSL 2 which is the Windows Subsystem for Linux. While this is majorly used by the developers, it is also available for windows users for having a familiar desktop without having any virtualization that may take up some extra resources. WSL is basically a Linux-running platform in the form of a process on the user’s Windows machine. It is possible that the user may encounter some bugs, but as he starts learning the Linux commands, he will get more comfortable. Whenever a developer is looking for a text-based environment, WSL 2 is the right choice to work with.
It is possible for a developer to carry everywhere the Linux that is installed on a USB thumb drive. He can boot any desktop that he encounters from the thumb drive. In this way, the user gets his own personalised Linux computer, not even worrying about the data present on the parent computer which it is booted from. This way the desktop is not touching the Linux Operating System, and the Linux OS isn't affecting the computer. This is ideal for the public desktops present for business-related hotels, schools, and libraries. This process doesn't need to be booted again and again and also provides its users with a complete computer having access to all the software including the data storage capacity.
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Linux distributions are economically backed distributions, like (red Hat) Fedora, Ubuntu, and SUSE. These are completely driven by the community distributions like Gentoo, Slackware, Debian, and Arch Linux. Let us have a look at a few Linux distributions:
1. Ubuntu Linux: It is a very common Linux-based OS that is designed for desktops, CPUs, smartphones, as well as network servers. Ubuntu was developed by Canonical Ltd. which is a UK-based company. The principles for developing ubuntu software are mainly based on the principles of open source development. Its main features are :
2. Arch Linux: This is a self-dependent Linux distribution that works in the terms of pragmatism, simplicity, modernity, user centrality, as well as versatility. This OS is completely lightweight, and minimalist and works on the idea of appealing to a major community of users that is possible. Arch Linux also promotes its users' ‘do it yourself’ attitude, therefore providing them with the freedom for tweaking the system with respect to their needs.
3. Linux Mint: This Os is also a community-driven distribution and is also based on Ubuntu. Linux Mint is a modern, comfortable to use, and elegant OS that is considered to be very powerful. It is basically designed for desktop users. It is currently the number one choice of millions of people. The main features of Linux mint are:
4. Deepin: It is known to be a famous Linux distribution, developed in China. It has a very attractive, simple-to-use, secure, as well as reliable OS, especially for users globally. The most common feature of Deepin that makes it different from other Linux OS is its friendly desktop environment which is known as Deepin Desktop Environment ( DDE). This is also famous for the most beautiful desktop available on the market. It has a very easy-to-use environment as functions such as setting the time zone, adjusting the keyboard, etc., are very simple.
5. Fedora: This operating system is a very common platform and is open-source based on the Linux Operating System kernel architecture. There is a group of programmers who developed Fedora OS under the famous ‘Fedora Project’ which was sponsored by Red Hat. This is known to be a very secure OS for general-purpose use. It has various features such as media playback, threat protection, security from viruses, solution for office productivity problems, systems tools, etc. The Fedora project stated that Fedora will always be free to use, install, modify as well as distribute.
6. openSUSE: This Os is also a community-driven distribution platform basically an offshoot of the real SUSE distribution. It is available in two forms which are Leap and Tumbleweed. The tumbleweed is very similar to Arch Linux and has a lot of similar properties. However, we can also use it as WSL, mainly using Linux on windows which are also discussed earlier.
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The architecture of Linux consist of a few layers which are described below:
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Top 30 frequently asked Linux Interview Questions !
In the above article, we have discussed Linux operating systems. Linux is an operating system similar to android, windows, MAC, etc. It is a version of UNIX systems and is used for managing the hardware like CPU, and laptops with the resources present in the system directly. It also helps in making a successful connection between the hardware as well as the software. We have also discussed the components of the architecture of Linux along with various Linux distributions. Then we talked about the advantages and disadvantages of Linux OS.
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Linux is mainly used for web servers, email servers, database servers, and many other shared servers.
While Windows is a commercial platform, Linux is an easy open-source platform available for the users.
With the help of WSL 2, a user can use Linux on windows.
A few best Linux OS are fedora, Arch Linux, and Gentoo.
Linux is basically an operating system similar to android, windows, MAC, etc.