Golang vs Python

Most software companies hold a few meetings before starting any project to identify the optimum language for their source code. This debate frequently basically comes down to Python and Golang. In this Golang vs. Python blog, I'll compare the two language skills on a variety of parameters to help you determine what skills are best suited for you as a programmer. The comparison parameters are as follows:Performance,Scalability, Applications,Execution,Libraries and Code Readability. Let's get this party started. Before we get into the comparison of Golang vs. Python, let me give you a quick overview of both languages.

What is golang?

Google Go seems to be an open-source software program that was created by Google. It is a compiled language with statically typed variables. This language supports concurrent programming and allows for the execution of multiple processes at the same time. This is accomplished through the use of channels, goroutines, and so on. Go has garbage pickup, which handles memory management as well as enables processes to be deferred.

Why golang?

Golang land is used because of the following reasons

  • It enables you to use static linking to combine all dependencies libraries and modules into a single binary file based on the OS and architecture.
  • Because of the CPU scalability and concurrency model, the Go language performed more efficiently.
  • Because the Go programming language supports multiple libraries and tools, it does not require any third-party libraries.
  • It is a strongly typed, statically typed programming language with an excellent error handling mechanism.

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What is Python?

Python is really an object-oriented programming language with a high level of abstraction. It really has constructed data structures as well as dynamic binding and typing, making it a great option for agile development. Python also supports modules as well as packages, allowing for framework modularity and code reuse.

Because it necessitates so very few pieces of code, this is one of the fastest scripting languages. Its focus on readability as well as simplicity makes it particularly suitable for beginners.

Why use Python?

Here are some of the benefits of using Python:

  • Python is an extremely capable object-oriented programming language.
  • It employs elegant syntax, which makes the programme you write easier to read.
  • Python comes with a large standard library, so it can handle a wide range of common programming tasks.
  • Runs on a variety of computers and operating systems, including Windows, macOS, Unix, OS/2, and others.
  • In comparison to Java, C, and C++, the syntax is very simple.
  • A large library and useful tools for developers
  • Python includes a shell that is pre-installed.
  • Python code is simpler to write and debug than code written in other languages. As a result, its source code is relatively simple to maintain.
  • Python seems to be a portable programming language, which means it can run on a wide range of operating systems and platforms.
  • Python includes a plethora of prebuilt libraries, making development a breeze.
  • Python can help you simplify complex programming. Garbage collection is necessary because it deals with memory addresses internally.
  • Python includes an interactive shell that allows you to test things before they are actually implemented.
  • Python provides database interfaces to all major commercial database management systems.

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Features of Golang:

The following are the highlighted features of go lang.They are:

  • Open-source initiative
  • Google's creation
  • Goroutines provide simple concurrency support in compiled languages.
  • Package administration
  • Characteristics of static typing a robust standard library
  • goLand is a garbage collection service.
  • Great libraries with concurrency support
  • Code that is simple and readable

Features of python:

The following are the features of python. They are:

  • Simple to understand, read, as well as keep up with
  • This could run on different hardware platforms while maintaining the same interface.
  • The Python interpreter could be extended with low-level modules.
  • Python's structure as well as support for large programmes are ideal.
  • Python includes automatic garbage collection support.
  • It allows for engaging testing and debugging.
  • It allows flexible type checking and provides high-level dynamic data types.
  • Python can be used in conjunction with Java, C, and C++ programming code.
  • High-performance
  • Syntax is simple and minimal.
  • Quick compilation times
  • Binaries that are statically linked and easy to deploy

Key difference between go and Python:

Go lang and Python:Performance

To begin, we will compare the performance of the languages, and what better way to do so than by solving complex mathematical functions? While not entirely fair, it certainly emphasises the point when discussing memory usage and time spent solving the problem.

We used both languages to solve 3 distinct problems: the Mandelbrot equation, the n-body problem, and fasta. These are extremely complex problems that require a significant amount of computation and serve as an excellent way to test the performance and memory management of the language in question. Both of them did excellently in order to achieve great performance.

Now let's move on to the scalability.

Go vs Python: Scalability

Today, creating a great worldwide application is a piece of artwork. It is totally counterproductive for business but unless things do not scale. Golang was created as a language with this goal in mind. The entire goal of Golang was to assist Google designers in solving problems on Google's scale, which essentially involves millions of experienced programmers on multiple servers software hosted on thousands of clusters. That's why Golang has built-in support for concurrent process channelling, also known as concurrency. Python, on the other hand, struggles with concurrency but also can enforce parallelism via threads.

We now discuss concurrency and parallelism here and then move on to the next point.

Concurrency and parallelism:

Concurrency indicates that an application works on some more than a job at the same time (concurrently). If indeed the desktop has only one CPU, the application might not have been able to advance more than 1 task at the very same time, but much more than 1 task is now being analysed at the very same time within the application. It doesn't finish one task prior to actually beginning the next.

Parallelism refers to how an implementation divides its process into manageable subtasks which can be digested in parallel, for example, on multiple Processors at the same time. So it stands to reason that a language with built-in concurrency assistance is ideal for large, scalable programmes.

Concurrency indicates that an application works on some more than a job at the same time (concurrently). If indeed the desktop has only one CPU, the application might not have been able to advance more than 1 task at the very same time, but much more than 1 task is now being analysed at the very same time within the application. It doesn't finish one task prior to actually beginning the next.

Parallelism refers to how an implementation divides its process into manageable subtasks which can be digested in parallel, for example, on multiple Processors at the same time. So it stands to reason that a language with built-in concurrency assistance is ideal for large, scalable programmes.

Let us now make comparisons between these two languages based on their application.

Golang vs python: Applications

There will be no definite victor inside this section since each scripting language serves a clear function. Javascript, for instance, is primarily used within web development. Python is also commonly used for data data analysis, machine intelligence, pattern recognition, and web design. This is largely due to the crazy frameworks and libraries in Python, which make life in the aforementioned fields up an entire lot simpler.

Golang, on the other hand, is being used primarily for software systems. Because of its concurrency assistance, have also achieved extensive use and acknowledgement in the cloud computing or cluster computing fields. Golang has also gained popularity and use in web development due to its powerful and simple-to-use libraries, which allow users to create a web server in seconds.

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Python vs golang:Execution

Now let's keep comparing how Go code and Python code are executed. To begin, Python seems to be a strongly typed language, whereas Golang is a strongly typed language. Python and Go, on the other hand, make use of an interpreter as well as a compiler.

To comprehend why I especially compare the languages on this parameter, we first must realize the difference between a statically and adaptively typed language.

A statically typed language would be one in which variable kinds are proclaimed expressly for the compiler, so that even minor bugs are easily taken, whereas in a strongly typed language form inference is put in place by the translator, so some bugs might very well remain as a result of the interpreter inaccurately interpreting stuff!

Essentially, because Python is a strongly typed language, it restricts the programmer's ability to create large-scale programmes, whereas Go can handle both types of programmes with ease.

Let's move on to libraries.

Go vs Python:Libraries

Libraries are indeed a gift from the gods to development companies because they make work easier. As a consequence, having a great library for a computer language is critical. Python certainly takes the cake in terms of the sheer number of libraries available. Numpy can help you with array ability to handle complicated construction functions, Tensorflow and Scikit Learn for Deep Learning, OpenCV for image analysis, Pandas for Data Analysis, matplotlib for visualisation, and so on. If Python has been known for anything, it must be its insane library.However, this does not imply that Go falls well short. Google ended up choosing the much more important libraries as components of their inbuilt Go libraries when developing Go. Whereas the number is not as large as Python's, the usage fields covered are nearly identical. They also have incredible libraries for web design, database management, concurrent coding, and cryptography.

Golang vs Python:Readability

When you're working on software for a customer, you're likely to be part of a team of tens or hundreds of other developers. Even at times, code readability has become a critical factor to be considered.

Many of you may be considering that Python takes the cake here, and I have a differing view, so bear with me. Python does have wonderful readability at a glance, although in my view, they overcook it at times. In Python, there really are probably ten various ways to say the exact same thing, which usually causes confusion whenever the code is big or the number of employees employed on the code is big.

When it relates to programming, Go, on either hand, has strict rules. It does not permit the import of unneeded libraries or the creation of unnecessary variables. It means that there is a specific way to complete a task, that also leads to the identification of code in big crowds. One might argue that code flexibility suffers as a result, but really who appears to care about flexibility, especially when it comes to core coding?

Go vs Python:Sharing

One of the most popular workflow techniques inside the data science world is the sharing of exe file Python code to Jupyter notebooks. Jupyter Notebooks and Google Colab notebooks enable Python readers to access as well as execute code in a fully engaging reading and writing environment.

It would be extremely hard to share and display these types of charts in Go.

Now let's go through the disadvantages of go and python.

Disadvantages of Go:

Here are some disadvantages of using the GO programming language:

  • Go is not really a generic language, and there is no formally recognized supported Go SDK for API integration.
  • Inadequate Library Support
  • Management of Fragmented Dependency

Disadvantages of python:

Here are some disadvantages of using Python:

  • Only found on a few systems.
  • Because mobile computing is lacking, it wasn't used in developing apps.
  • Because Python seems to be dynamic, it exhibits further errors at run-time.
  • Database access layer is undeveloped and rudimentary.
  • There is no commercial assistance.

Conclusion:

Both Go and Python are simple to use and learn. Go moves extremely quickly. Python has a sizable community behind it.

Go is currently being developed primarily for server-side applications. Python is the language of choice for data scientists and will most likely remain so for the foreseeable future. All of the ML library developers are devoting their time to creating Python libraries. Go may get there in time, but for the time being, there is room in the programmer's toolkit for two languages. Use the best option based on your application needs and demand.

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Kavya Gowda
Kavya Gowda
Research Analyst
Kavya works for HKR Trainings institute as a technical writer with diverse experience in many kinds of technology-related content development. She holds a graduate education in the Computer science and Engineering stream. She has cultivated strong technical skills from reading tech blogs and also doing a lot of research related to content. She manages to write great content in many fields like Programming & Frameworks, Enterprise Integration, Web Development, SAP, and Business Process Management (BPM). Connect her on LinkedIn and Twitter.