DevOps Engineer Roles and Responsibilities

Most companies are moving away from the traditional software development practices and are now embracing agile practices. It has pushed companies to hire DevOps engineers to help build the new development cycle. It makes companies employ people with different skill sets. DevOps has changed the way companies handle different processes from coding, deployment, maintenance, etc. According to the Global DevOps Market size, the demand for professionals is expected to grow by 18.95% in 2026, with an estimated value of USD 12,215.54 million. There is a high demand for DevOps professionals and teams. Some of the companies using DevOps include Netflix, Facebook, Amazon, Target, HP, Adobe, and Etsy.

What is DevOps?

DevOps involves using different tools, philosophies, and practices to ensure that the development and operations of teams work swiftly. It increases software development's speed, efficiency, delivery, and security compared to the old methods. 

It ensures that there is enough teamwork between the development team and management to meet the set project requirements. It ensures that the team switches to the agile practices of software development. 

Some agile practices focus more on collaboration, teamwork, accountability, communication, iterative development, focus on the customer product, and adding more value.

The majority of the users have adopted this culture since it's easier to scale, has security compliance, is reliable, and fast. Some of the methods used in DevOps development include continuous deployment and integration tools, cloud computing, configuration management, DevOps management, etc.

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Who is a DevOps Engineer?

DevOps engineers work together with other team members of software developers, IT staff, and system administrators to ensure that the development cycle involving processes like coding, deployment, releases, maintenance, and updates is successful. 

Most of them possess multiple skills that help them work and juggle between several functionalities as raised by the team. They ensure there is less complexity and makes the software more reliable. 

Most engineers understand the traditional software development methods like code reviews, code versioning, and performing unit tests, making them have a deeper understanding of the main application development concepts like provisioning and architecture.

They also help in automating some of the processes like deployment. data pipelines, management tools etc.

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DevOps Engineer Roles And Responsibilities

There are different roles and responsibilities of a DevOps engineer. Some of the roles involve testing, coding, and versions that help collaboration and teamwork. Some of the roles ensure flexibility, time management, and proper communication.

Some of the main roles of DevOps engineer include the following :

  • DevOps officer-he manages the DevOps implementation in an organization.
  • Release manager-he helps in the integration of new features into existing features.
  • Automation engineer- works with developers to analyze and design different strategies for deployment.
  • Tester-they test the code to remove any bugs or fix any existing issues to ensure everything runs smoothly.
  • Developer-does the actual coding of the application.

Some of the responsibilities of a DevOps engineer include :

  • Help in testing code and programs to identify bugs that may affect the performance of the applications.
  • They provide support to the customers both externally and internally.
  • Help in improving performance through analysis, modifications, and providing solutions.
  • They help in managing other teams of DevOps engineers.
  • They provide maintenance and troubleshooting services when deploying applications to provide smooth running.
  • Automation of different workloads across different cloud providers like Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud Services, Google Cloud Platform, etc.
  • Help in using the continuous integration and deployment tools to automate most deployment and testing activities. It helps in promoting agile practices amongst the teams.
  • Improving customer experience by using different tooling and practices in creating services like playbooks.
  • They help in dealing with the customer's KPI.
  • Coaching team members who have skill gaps and develop training methods and resources to fill the gaps.
  • Managing the team questions and providing feedback to ensure the development process evolves and there are clear methods of communication.
  • Help in monitoring and improving the network of the software.
  • Help in the management of the application infrastructure.
  • Ensuring both the deployment, development, and production environments are safe from cybersecurity threats.
  • Help in project planning of applications by providing development risks, costs, plans, impacts etc
  • They help the team build, install, code, maintain, and configure applications.
  • Perform system analysis of the applications by checking the technologies and see how they can improve the application by recommending new requirements.
  • Helps in writing documentation for server-side applications and listing their specifications.

What does the future hold for DevOps engineers?

Many companies are hiring for their projects, and they list DevOps as one of the requirements. Many companies use cloud development platforms like Microsoft Azure.Amazon Web Services for cloud deployment. It pushes the demand for cloud engineers and specialists to increase, making it open more chances for DevOps positions.

DevOps engineers now have to major in different roles like assurance manager, DevSecOps engineer e.t,c. The demand is very high, pushing many people to learn and master the skill set of the DevOps engineer. Some of the skills take time, and you will have to be patient to master the majority of the skills.

The demand is very high and won't be slowing down. Some of the other future trends of DevOps engineers include:

  • Salary: According to Payscale, DevOps engineers earn around $96,637 per year. Ziprecruiter conducted the report.
  • Serverless computing. Many companies right now use serverless computing to deploy their applications and services. It makes it easier to build pipelines without looking for a host.

What is the role of a DevOps Team?

The DevOps team consists of people with different skill sets. Some include software engineers, evangelists, release managers, software developers and testers, security engineers, and assurance engineers.

The team runs the following roles: managing the projects from development to deployment, working with CI/CD integration, application security, and development plans. They have to ensure that the delivery of the applications to the customers is of high quality.

The team also ensures that the applications updates are well done, ensures automation of deployment processes, creation of workflows etc.

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DevOps Engineer Skill Set

A DevOps engineer has both hard and soft skills. They have skills that make them work on different parts of a project. The majority of the skills required depends on the level of the project, the people you are working with, the tools used, the company, etc. Some of the common skill set of a DevOps engineer includes the following:

Communication and Collaboration

DevOps engineers talk regularly with the DevOps teams to provide updates about the projects. You have to understand how the operations and the development are fairing. Since they work closely, Devops must have good collaboration and communication skills to rhyme well with the rest, especially the software developers who do a lot of coding.

When working together, it is compulsory to have objectives and understand one another. Some of the DevOps engineers conduct daily or weekly meetings to understand the progress or address any issue the team faces.

Problem-solving and troubleshooting

When working through different applications and software. DevOps can use different methods to help them in monitoring the applications. In case there are issues, they have to find ways to fix the problems and ensure all the improvements do the right work.

Software development

DevOps engineers should know how to code and build applications and software. They must have good programming knowledge and be able to work with multiple programming languages like Python, Java, PHP, Bash, and JavaScript.They mostly prefer scripting languages.

It builds an excellent automated pipeline and creates new tools that improve the agile processes. You will also be required to write clean code from bugs and meet all the security standards to avoid attacks from cybercriminals. They have to know both scripting and coding languages.

Process-oriented

DevOps engineers must follow the DevOps cycle when building their applications. Once a company has a DevOps culture, the developers follow all the set processes rather than releasing projects that can have issues. When encountered with a problem, they find different ways to fix it through a designed solution, not guesswork.

Documentation

Documentation consists of practices and processes that they should follow when building applications. It provides details of problems like system designs, source codes, and user documentation. It removes confusion, helping in speeding the production.

Agile experience

DevOps engineers must understand agile practices and how they work. Examples of agile tools the engineers can use include version control, containers, continuous delivery, integration, etc.

Product/project management

DevOps engineers work and supervise different projects or IT applications. One should have a deeper knowledge of how to organize and schedule meetings, assign and assess work, coach teammates, provide advice on the different decisions, set deadlines, and confirm teammates' reporting.

He also has to collaborate with other users of the application like customers, software developers, C.T.Os etc.

Education

Most DevOps engineers should have a degree in Computer Science or any tech-related course like Software Engineering, Information Technology, Electrical Engineering, etc. Having a master's or Ph.D. in the same field or related field is a plus.

Some companies specify those DevOps engineers with experience of one to three years. Others may request certifications like Linux administration and SQL training.

IT best practices

The engineer should understand using the best IT practices like continuous delivery methods, deployment to the cloud using tools like AWS, logging, monitoring using Amazon Web Services, and automation using AWS cloud watch, and Lambda.

They also need to understand how to use visualization tools that help in visualizing the networks, infrastructure, and codebases.

Deployment/configuration management

They must understand all the configurations of the operating system and keep records and tracks of all the configurations. You have to know how to use different commands to set and manage the configuration of servers.

A user may use several configuration tools to make it easier and faster. Some of the tools support remote connections to the servers.They include Puppet,Chef,Ansible etc.Most organizations that use virtual machines require one to understand how to use Infrastructure as a Service to create instances for configuration.

Operating system platforms

Most companies use Linux as the main operating system in their workflows. It is due to most of the companies handling deployment using Linux. Some of the configuration tools like Puppet, Chef etc run on Linux.DevOps engineers have to learn how to use the Linux operating system.

Most programming languages like Python and Perl work well with the Linux operating system. 

Common Linux fundamentals include file handling, system administration, networking, process management, and text processing. You are also required to know how to set up Linux servers, monitoring of infrastructure using Linux, DNS servers etc.

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Conclusion

If you are a company dealing with cloud services, you have to work with DevOps engineers to help you create a DevOps culture. It makes the development processes from development phases to deployment faster.

For those who want to become a DevOps engineer. 

They have to consistently learn different methodologies and concepts to match the market demand. Many people are hiring DevOps engineers, but there are few professionals. Some of the companies require DevOps engineers to have certifications to show that they have the expertise and you can align and work with the best practices.

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Saritha Reddy
Saritha Reddy
Research Analyst
A technical lead content writer in HKR Trainings with an expertise in delivering content on the market demanding technologies like Networking, Storage & Virtualization,Cyber Security & SIEM Tools, Server Administration, Operating System & Administration, IAM Tools, Cloud Computing, etc. She does a great job in creating wonderful content for the users and always keeps updated with the latest trends in the market. To know more information connect her on Linkedin, Twitter, and Facebook.

DevOps engineer speeds up the development and deployment of software using different tools to build, test, and maintain the workflow infrastructure.

Most of the daily activities include examining the applications, checking the code changes to ensure they are tested, monitoring and giving feedback to the team, overseeing the development cycle etc.

Yes, DevOps need to understand how to code and script using different programming languages like Python, Java, Perl etc.

Some of the DevOps activities include continuous deployment,continuous testing,continuous monitoring, continuous deployment, continuous testing, deployment, automation etc.