Data Science with Python

In the interdisciplinary academic subject of data science, knowledge and insights are extracted from noisy, structured, and unstructured data through the use of scientific computers, statistics, and scientific methods, processes, algorithms, and systems. In this article, we will discuss data science, python, and the use of python in data science.

What is Data Science?

To discover the hidden actionable insights in an organisation's data, data scientists mix maths and statistics, sophisticated analytics, specialised programming, machine learning, and artificial intelligence with specialised subject matter expertise. Strategic planning and decision-making can be guided by these findings.

The field of study known as data science works with enormous amounts of data using cutting-edge tools and methods to uncover hidden trends, make business decisions, and glean valuable information. Data science creates forecasting analytics using sophisticated machine learning algorithms.

Analysts can gain practical insights from the data science lifecycle, which includes a variety of roles, tools, and processes. Data science research often goes through the following phases:

  • Data ingestion
  • Data processing and storage
  • Data analysis
  • Communication

What is Python?

Python is object-oriented, interpreted as well as a high-level language used in programming. For the quick creation of an application, it is especially desired, and also for the usage as a script programming language to tie existing components together. Python features dynamic typing, built-in high-level data structures, and dynamic binding. Python's straightforward syntax places a premium on readability and ease of use, which decreases the cost of programme maintenance.

Python's support for modules and packages promotes the modularity and reuse of code in programs. The Python interpreter and extensive library is publicly distributable as well as available in source or binary format for all well-known systems.

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Is Python essential for Data Science only?

  • Modularity: Python is ideal for you if you want to do something creative that has never been done before. It's perfect for programmers who wish to write websites and applications.
  • Simple To Learn: Because Python prioritises readability and simplicity, it has a gradual learning curve that is relatively low. Python is a great tool for new programmers because of how simple it is to learn. Python gives programmers the benefit of utilising fewer lines of code than required when using earlier languages to do tasks. In other words, instead of dealing with code, the user spends time experimenting with it.
  • Open Source: Python employs a community-based development strategy and is free since it is open-source. Python can be used on Linux and Windows platforms.
  • Support: Python has a sizable user base and is widely used in both academic and professional settings, therefore there are many practical analytics libraries accessible. Helpful resources for Python users include mailing groups, user-contributed code, and documentation.

Understanding How Python is Used in Data Science

Python uses a lot of libraries to perform Data science.

  • Numpy: A Python package called Numpy offers mathematical operations to manage big-dimension arrays. It offers numerous Arrays, linear algebra, and Metrics, as well as methods and functions.
  • Pandas: Most widely used Python libraries for data analysis and manipulation are called Pandas. Pandas offer practical tools for working with vast amounts of structured data.
  • Matplotlib: Another helpful Python module for data visualisation is Matplotlib. Any organisation should place a high priority on descriptive analysis and data visualisation. Matplotlib offers a number of ways to visualise data more successfully.

Which one is good for Data Science?

Python 2

  • The release date for python 2 was 2000
  • The syntax is very complex and not easy to understand
  • The performance is not very fast because of some design flaws
  • It is easier to port python 2 than python 3.
  • The libraries of python 2 are not forward compatible
  • It is not a very good option for data science

Python 3

  • The release date for python 3 was 2008
  • The syntax is very easy to understand and readable.
  • The performance is improved in python 3
  • Python 3 is compatible with python 2 but backward.
  • A lot of libraries present in python 3 cannot be used in python 2.
  • It is a very good option for data science

Both platforms have virtually the same architecture aside from minor variations. But when examining the upgrades and innovations, Python 3 is without a doubt the winner. Python 3 is a better choice over Python 2 since it is a better choice for data science.

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Concrete Components of Python Data Science

Let's examine the specific factors that make Python the finest programming language being used in data science, taking that claim into consideration.

1. Data exploration and analysis

Python is the best in this category since it has so many excellent built-in libraries. You may thoroughly explore and analyse the complete data structure with the aid of these libraries and features. You can carry out these operations using a variety of Python packages, including NumPy, Pandas, and SciPy.

2. Data Storage

Big Data, as its name suggests, is data that is either too massive to fit on a single system or that cannot be processed without a distributed environment. Python and Apache technologies play a significant part in finishing the task. Some tools and libraries that assist you along the process include HDFC, pay tables, Apache Spark, Dask, Apache Hadoop, and h5py.

3. Data Visualization

It allows the user to create data names by simply turning them into something nicer and more colourful. Libraries such as Seaborn, Matplotlib, & Datashader are a few Python libraries by which a user can execute this task.

4. Machine Learning

This is a learning assignment that can be supervised or unsupervised. You may implement classification, regression, clustering, and dimensionality reduction with the Scikit-learn toolkit. In addition, Python has StatsModels, a less active development project with some highly helpful features.

5. Deep Learning

It is essentially a branch of ML and is frequently carried out using Keras. TensorFlow is also heavily utilised for this purpose in addition to Keras.

Why should you learn Python for Data Science?

Python is highly suggested for developing as a data analyst due to its straightforward and simple syntax. Data processing and analysis are also made incredibly simple by its countless libraries and functionalities. It differs from other development languages such as R in a few key ways that make it easier to use. Here are the points to consider:

  • Anyone can install it for free and it is an open-source platform.
  • Its internet community is excellent.
  • It is incredibly simple to understand and use.
  • It is also one of the most recently developed platforms.
  • It may develop into a shared platform for both the creation of web-based applications and data science.

Most Commonly used libraries for data science

  • Numpy: this library provides a potent N-dimensional array object and is the core Python library for numerical computing. On GitHub, it has almost 18,000 comments and a 700-person active community. It is a general-purpose array-processing software that offers capabilities for working with high-performance multidimensional objects known as arrays. NumPy works effectively and partially overcomes the slowness issue.
  • Pandas: It is essential to the life cycle of data science and is the most well-known and commonly used Python module for data research. It is widely used for analysis and cleansing. Pandas offer quick, adaptable data structures, like data frame CDs, that make it simple and natural to work with large datasets.
  • Matplotlib: Its visualisations are gorgeous and powerful. It is often used for data visualisation since it generates graphs as well as plots. Additionally, it offers an object-oriented API that may be used to incorporate those plots into programs.
  • Scipy: It is a free as well as open-source Python data science library that is often used for complex calculations. Because it extends NumPy and offers a variety of user-friendly and effective routines for scientific calculations, it is widely used in research as well as in a lot of technical calculations.
  • Scikit – learn: It is a library for machine learning that offers practically all the algorithms you may require. NumPy and SciPy can interpolate Scikit-learn data.

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Features of Python language

  • It is very easy to learn and understand.
  • It is an interpreted as well as dynamically typed language.
  • Operators, Functools, Itertools, and a lot of other packages and modules with common and significant capabilities are part of the very extensive and diversified Python standard library.
  • It is a high-level language with large community support.
  • Python is platform-independent, embedded as well as extensible.
  • It supports GUI (graphic user interface).

Pros and cons of Python for Data Science

Python has both pros and cons much like every other programming language and online platform. Let us examine them before moving forward:


  • Python is adaptable, making it simple to use and quick to create.
  • It has a thriving community and is open source.
  • It can scale up very well.
  • In Python, you can find any library you can think of.
  • Prototypes work really well with it. With this programming language, you can accomplish more with less coding.


  • Due to the fact that Python is interpreted, it could be a little slower than certain other programming languages.
  • Threading in Python is not particularly effective because GIL is readily available.
  • Python is not a native language for mobile platforms. Additionally, some programmers believe it to be a poor language for personal technology.
  • It is restricted by design.
  • Python's simplicity is also seen by some programmers as a drawback. They contend that simplicity might give you a head start as well as a flat learning experience, but that it can also limit your capacity to master more complicated systems.


The finest programming language to begin your career as a data analyst is without a doubt Python. It is more trustworthy for all beginners because of its many libraries and simple structure. Additionally, students can use Python for a variety of other web development tasks as well as data science. We come to the conclusion that Python is somewhat superior to most of the programming languages available for data science.

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Research Analyst
As a content writer at HKR trainings, I deliver content on various technologies. I hold my graduation degree in Information technology. I am passionate about helping people understand technology-related content through my easily digestible content. My writings include Data Science, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Python, Salesforce, Servicenow and etc.

Python is highly suggested for developing as a data analyst due to its straightforward and simple syntax. Python 3 is the best choice over all other programming languages for data science.

Python is ideal for you if you want to do something creative that has never been done before. It's perfect for programmers who wish to write websites and applications using python for data science. 

Python is the best existing language for data science.

Python is the best existing language for data science.