Artificial Intelligence vs Human Intelligence

Intelligence can be defined as a basic mental capacity for analyzing, building logic, solving problems, or dealing with a new situation. Intelligence may be accurately assessed by standardized tests, with the results able to predict a number of general societal outcomes, including success in school, university or job, health & wellness, and lifespan. God gave humans the ability to reason, whereas humans developed artificial intelligence. Whether it be artificial or human, intelligence is essential. Human intelligence is a characteristic that aids people in learning, comprehending, and coming up with innovative solutions to issues, as opposed to artificial intelligence, which imitates people based on the data they are fed. In this blog, we will learn about both Artificial & Human Intelligence. So, let's get started, shall we?

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is a subfield of Data Science concerned with creating intelligent systems that can carry out a multitude of activities that often call for human intelligence and cognition. These advanced machines possess the ability to learn from past experiences and data, analyze their patterns, and take necessary measures.

Whether we are aware of it or not, artificial intelligence is all around us, as seen in the use of face recognition, voice assistants, autocomplete, and Google Maps, among many other applications. The machine has the ability to process data with very little or no extra human thought.

What is Human Intelligence?

Human intelligence is the capacity of the mind that enables us to think, learn from various experiences, comprehend difficult ideas, use logic and rationality, solve complex problems, identify patterns, draw conclusions, remember information, and interact with other people.

Human intelligence is distinct from other intelligence in that it is supported by intangible sentiments like consciousness, desire, and drive that allow people to carry out challenging mental tasks. Human intelligence can be altered in response to issues that arise with it rather than being restricted to a specific pattern.

What is the role of artificial intelligence in the human world?

AI prominence is largely driven by numerical cycles, which in turn influences improved representations and blending of massive data sets or faster and more accurate models and estimations of operational systems. However, even if these ground-breaking innovations can complete some tasks with greater efficiency and accuracy, human skill still plays a crucial role in the conception and application of AI innovation.

The growth and adoption of artificially created consciousness and the corresponding innovative structures are shaped by human intellect. Human intelligence is what uses fundamental reasoning to examine "envision a situation where" and the question "why." As complex problems and the type of information continue to test engineering design, it is essential to have human involvement, expertise, and quality assurance when using AI-centric deliverables.

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Artificial Intelligence vs Human Intelligence

Now that we have understood the basics of both AI and human intelligence, let us look at the key differences between them.

1. Energy efficiency: 

The typical energy consumption of a computing device is 2 watts. Human brains, on the contrary, consume roughly 25 watts.

2. Memory Usage:

Humans employ content memory and cognitive function, but machines use pre-programmed commands that specialists have created.

3. Universal: 

Humans typically pick up a variety of skills throughout their lives. The machine often only has a few functions for which it is intended, yet it uses kilowatts of energy.

4. Multitasking

Multiple tasks can be easily carried out by humans. However, it takes a lot of time to train the machine about each and every response.

5. Mode of Creation

Since it was made by God, human intelligence is greater than artificial intelligence, which is artificial, limited, and transient in nature. Additionally, human intellect is the true originator of artificial intelligence, albeit they are unable to build a human with superior intelligence.

6. Decision Making

Because AI analyses primarily on precisely acquired data, it is really objective in generating decisions. Subjective factors that are not only based on numbers may have an impact on human decisions.

7. State

Computer Systems are digital whereas the human brains are analog.

8. Nature of Existence

Human intelligence is focused on utilizing a variety of cognitive functions to adjust to the surroundings. Artificial intelligence is the study of creating machines that can imitate human behavior.

9. Function

AI-driven robots depend on the input of information and commands. Humans just use memory, processing speed, and cognitive powers of their brains.

10. Pace/Rate of AI and human

Computers can process more information quickly than humans can. For instance, if it takes human intelligence 10 minutes to solve a math problem, AI can do it in just 5 or even less. Humans are unable to match the pace of AI or computers.

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11. Learning ability

Due to the fact that machines cannot reason in an abstract way or make inferences from the past. They cannot build a thinking style that is uniquely human; they can only learn through data and regular training. The basis of human intelligence is the ability to learn from different situations and past experiences.

12. Perfection

Due to the fact that AI's capabilities are built on a set of modified rules, it typically generates precise results. When it comes to human insights, there is frequently potential for "human error," as some minor details could be overlooked occasionally.

13. Modification of AI and Human

AI adjusts to unused modifications far more slowly than humans do. In response to changes in their environment, human insights are flexible. As a result, people may memorize information and excel in many tasks.

14. Versatility

AI can theoretically complete fewer tasks at once because a framework can theoretically pick up tasks one at a time. As demonstrated by various and simultaneous roles, multitasking is supported by human judgment skills.

15. Social Networking

The ability of AI to recognize connected social and emotional indicators is still a work in progress. In contrast, because humans are social beings and can acquire theoretical data, are self-aware, and are sensitive to others' sentiments, they are far better at socialization.

16. Task

The system is optimized by AI. Since machines can't think and only humans can, it can't be inventive or creative. However, humans can be original or imaginative.

What are the impacts of AI on the future of jobs and the economy?

Following are the impacts of AI on the future of jobs and the economy:

  • Automation of tasks: The impact of tasks being automated across a wide range of organizations and moving from manual to digital is the most obvious effect of AI. Nowadays, machines transmit and manage tasks or activities that require a degree of recurrence or the use and interpretation of enormous amounts of data, sometimes without the assistance of people.
  • Embrace new opportunities: As AI and ML carry out the manual tasks that humans once performed, new business and job opportunities are created. An example of an emerging profession that resulted from the rapid advancement of technology and is still evolving is digital engineering. Therefore, new job opportunities and professions will emerge even as traditional manual labor jobs may disappear.
  • Economic growth model: AI has the potential to provide enterprises with a wealth of opportunities and boost productivity and teamwork inside the organization when employed for the right reasons and not just for the benefit of technology. As a result, it may lead to an increase in demand for goods and services and propel a financial development model that raises and enhances the standard of living.
  • Role of work: Recognizing the potential of the job beyond simply sustaining a way of life is substantially more important in the age of AI. It develops into an impression of the essential human need for participation, co-creation, dedication, and a sense of necessity; as a result, it shouldn't be disregarded. So, occasionally, even routine and boring tasks at work become important and valuable, and if they are removed or automated, they should be replaced with something that provides a similar opportunity for human expression and transparency.
  • Scope for creativity and innovation: Robots, artificial intelligence, and automation have freed us from some routine and labor-intensive duties, giving professionals more time to focus on thinking, coming up with original ideas, and other activities that fall squarely within the purview of human intelligence rather than the AI's.

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Conclusion:

Human intelligence is focused on utilizing a variety of cognitive functions to adapt to the surroundings. Artificial intelligence is the study of creating machines that can imitate human behavior. AI professionals can only implement Weak AI at this point; Strong AI cannot be implemented. In fact, some people think that Strong AI would never be achievable because of how different a computer and the human mind are. Therefore, imitation of human behavior is currently enough to qualify as artificial intelligence.

While the use of artificial intelligence will undoubtedly make a life for humans easier in the decades to come and may even push people to upgrade their skill sets, it is unlikely that such robots will ever be able to fully replace human effort.

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Gayathri
Gayathri
Research Analyst
As a senior Technical Content Writer for HKR Trainings, Gayathri has a good comprehension of the present technical innovations, which incorporates perspectives like Business Intelligence and Analytics. She conveys advanced technical ideas precisely and vividly, as conceivable to the target group, guaranteeing that the content is available to clients. She writes qualitative content in the field of Data Warehousing & ETL, Big Data Analytics, and ERP Tools. Connect me on LinkedIn.

The capacity to learn from experiences, conform to novel circumstances, comprehend and manage abstract ideas, and apply information to influence one's surroundings are all components of human intelligence whereas the replication of human intelligence functions by machines, particularly computer systems, is known as artificial intelligence.

The notion that AI will replace humans comes from the fact that the two have similar traits and competencies, however, this is false. AI-centric platforms lack emotion, sentiment, and cultural awareness but are speedier, more accurate, and always reasonable.

A person's IQ score is a result of standardized tests that were created to gauge intellectual capacity and human intelligence. A wide range of questions on IQ tests assesses the thinking and problem-solving abilities of humans.

Human understanding, contextual awareness, and inventiveness are essential for making AI effective. The simple fact that humans will always provide value that machines, robots, or other technologies cannot is why AI will never be able to replace humans.

As opposed to AI capabilities, which are merely responding to the facts presented, humans have the potential to foresee, predict, feel, and evaluate environmental changes, allowing them to go from short-term to long-term issues.

The AI we currently use is really helpful for a broad range of tasks. This doesn't mean that it is always favorable; it is a weapon that, if consciously or accidentally employed incorrectly, can have negative consequences. Even with this, it doesn't seem likely that it will ever put mankind's survival in peril.