Application of Machine Learning

Machine Learning is a trending topic in the IT industry that can be implemented in various fields or businesses! It is used to make future predictions from past data patterns or improve a current business strategy. Machine learning is important because it supports the development of new products and predicts customer behavior. This is why ML Engineers are in great demand in the IT Industry and in health care, social media, and government organizations. In this article, let us talk about the various applications of machine learning in the market today.

Applications of Machine Learning - Table of Content

What is Machine Learning

Machine learning is the development of computer applications that train them to learn and make decisions without any external instructions. This can be performed by either making use of algorithms or statistical models to analyze and draw inferences from patterns in data. Machine learning is implemented in various successful businesses, like Facebook, Google, and Uber. 

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Top 10 real-time Applications of Machine Learning

1. Image Recognition

Image recognition is a very popular application of ML. You can use this application to identify humans, locations, and photos.

As you can see in the picture above, the measurements describe the outputs of each pixel in a digital picture. The intensity of each pixel in a black and white picture serves as one measurement. As a result, if a black-and-white image includes N*N pixels, the total number of pixels and measurement is N2.

Each pixel in a colored picture provides three measurements for the intensities of three primary color components, i.e., RGB. So for an N*N colored image, there are 3 N2 measurements.

This concept is implied directly in the Automatic friend tagging recommendation system which is a common use of picture recognition and facial identification. 

A facebook tool, “Deep face” is a project that recommends auto-tagging of friends based on the pixels. When we submit a photo with our Facebook friends, we get an automated tagging recommendation with their names. It manages the recognition of human faces and identifies people in photos.

2. Fraud Detection

One of the most important ML applications is credit card fraud detection. The number of transactions has skyrocketed due to increased payment methods - credit/debit cards, cellphones, wallets, UPI, etc. At the same time, hackers have sharpened their skills in spotting loopholes within net banking systems and wallets. This is why we need a technology that detects fraud transactions that occur via systems.

Suppose a customer completes a purchase, the Machine Learning model examines their profile in detail, looking for issues to find out if the transaction made is genuine or not. If it is not genuine then the alert system informs the bank or owner immediately. Fraud detection is an example of a classification problem in Machine Learning.

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3. Speech Recognition

The translation of spoken words into text is known as speech recognition (SR). It is a multidisciplinary computing topic that explores various approaches and techniques that allow computers to understand and translate voice into text.

In short, Speech recognition is a technique for detecting words in spoken language.

On the other hand, Voice recognition is a biometric technique used to identify a specific person's voice or to identify the speaker. It's also known as "speech to text," "computer voice recognition," or "automated speech recognition" (STT).

A software program or ML model identifies spoken words in speech recognition. This Machine Learning metric might be a series of numbers that represent the signal of the voice where we can divide the signal into segments based on the presence of separate words or phonemes. The intensities or energy can represent the voice signal in distinct time-frequency bands in each segment. Although the specifics of signal encoding are outside the scope of this program, the signal can be represented by a set of real numbers.

Voice user interfaces are included in speech recognition and Machine Learning applications. It is used for simple data entry, document preparation, speech-to-text processing, and planes.

4. Medical Diagnosis

medical

In various medical disciplines, machine learning (ML) provides methodologies, techniques, and tools that can help prevent and diagnose diseases. It determines how important clinical indicators and combinations predict deadly diseases like cancer.

Predicting disease development, extracting medical facts for outcomes research, therapeutic planning, support, and overall patient management are just a few examples.

ML is also being used for data analysis, such as detecting regularities in data by effectively dealing with insufficient data, interpretation of continuous data utilized in the Intensive Care Unit, and intelligent alarms, leading to more effective and efficient monitoring.

It is suggested that successful deployment of machine learning methods can help integrate computer-based systems in the healthcare environment, allowing medical specialists' work to be facilitated and enhanced, thus improving the efficiency and quality of medical treatment.

The basic goal of medical diagnosis is to determine whether or not a disease exists before accurately identifying it. Each disease under examination has its category and a category for situations when no sickness is present.

By evaluating patient data, machine learning enhances the accuracy of medical diagnosis.

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5. Language Translation

Language translation is one of the most prominent machine learning applications. Machine learning plays a vital role in translating one language to another. We are surprised by how websites can seamlessly translate from one language to another while providing meaning. The ML translation tool uses a technique known as 'machine translation.' It has allowed individuals to engage with each other and can translate large amounts of text in a very short amount of time. It has given tourists and business colleagues the assurance that language would no longer be a barrier when they go to foreign countries.

What you want your model to learn will have to be taught. The machine will be able to draw patterns and act on them if it is fed appropriate back data. To assist the machine in learning what is anticipated, it is critical to offer relevant data and feed files. In this situation, the outcomes you want using machine learning are determined by the contents of the information being recorded.

6. Sentiment Analysis

One of the most important uses of machine learning is sentiment analysis. Sentiment analysis is a real-time machine learning program that detects the speaker's or writer's sentiment or opinion. For example, a sentiment analyzer will instantly determine the text's true meaning and tone if someone has written a review or an email (or any other type of document). 

Companies utilize it in the marketing area to establish strategies, analyze customers' attitudes about products or brands, how people react to campaigns or new launches, and why consumers don't buy certain things. One of the famous applications of sentiment analysis is Twitter sentiment analysis.

Sentiment analysis is also used by government agencies to track and analyze social events, identify potentially risky situations, and gauge the mood of the blogosphere.

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7. Product Recommendation

product

One of the most well-known uses of machine learning is product recommendation. Product recommendation is one of the most prominent aspects of every e-commerce website. Websites use machine learning and AI to track your activity and offer product suggestions based on your prior purchases, searching trends, and cart history.

For example, you look at an item on Amazon but don't buy it right away. However, the next day, when viewing videos on YouTube, you see an ad for the same thing. You go to Facebook and see the identical ad there as well.

Google analyses your search history and proposes advertisements based on your search history. This is one of the fascinating Machine Learning applications. In reality, Product Recommendations account for 35% of Amazon's income.

8. Social Media 

Machine learning is being used by social media for several benefits, from curating your feed to improved ad targeting. We will discuss a few examples of ML operations or applications on your social media, particularly on Facebook (meta!).

Facebook keeps track of the friends or family you become friends with, your frequent profile visits, hobbies, workplace, groups, etc. Usually, a suggestion of various people with whom you can send a friend request on this platform is offered based on the Machine learning concept of  “continual learning”. 

Also, when you upload a group picture, Facebook can easily identify each of them immediately. Facebook analyses angles in the photo, identifies unique face features and matches them to individuals in your friend circle. The entire backend procedure is sophisticated and works on the accuracy, while the front part acts as the interface of machine learning.

Computer Vision, a technology for extracting meaningful information from photos and movies, relies heavily on machine learning. Also, Pinterest employs machine vision to recognize the items (or pins) in photographs and then suggests similar pins.

9. Search Engine result Filtering

search

Google and several other search engines use machine learning to improve your search results. 

Suppose you perform a random search on Google, the backend algorithms track your movements. Suppose you click the web pages of the top search results on google and be present on the page for a longer time, it will be considered the results are extremely relevant to your query. Now say, if you click on the fourth or fifth page of the search results page but you do not open any of the page, the search engine figures none of thepage result metyour requirements. This is how the search results are improved in the backend algorithms by monitoring your movements.

10. Virtual Personal Assistant

Virtual personal assistants include Siri, Alexa, and Google to name a few. When you request information over the phone, they assist or help you complete the task. You have to activate the assistant and ask queries like "What is my schedule for today?" or "What are the flights from India to London?" Your assistant searches for information or sends a command to other resources (such as phone applications) to collect data. You may also give helpers specific instructions, such as "Set an alarm at 6 a.m. the next morning," or "Remind me to visit the Visa Office the day after tomorrow."

Machine learning is a key component of these personal assistants since it collects and refines data on your prior interactions. This information is then used to provide personalized results to your tastes.

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Conclusion

Machine learning is an area of artificial intelligence (AI) and computer science that focuses on using data and algorithms to mimic the way people learn to improve accuracy steadily. In this article on applications of machine learning, we have addressed the popular machine learning applications, tools, and technology that will address and solve major problems in society today. Organizations increasingly want experts with an in-depth understanding of AI and machine learning and hands-on experience as demand for these technologies has grown.

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Saritha Reddy
Saritha Reddy
Research Analyst
A technical lead content writer in HKR Trainings with an expertise in delivering content on the market demanding technologies like Networking, Storage & Virtualization,Cyber Security & SIEM Tools, Server Administration, Operating System & Administration, IAM Tools, Cloud Computing, etc. She does a great job in creating wonderful content for the users and always keeps updated with the latest trends in the market. To know more information connect her on Linkedin, Twitter, and Facebook.

Machine Learning is a kind of artificial intelligence that allows computers to learn patterns from data and then improve as a result of their experience.