Angular versions

A picture is worth a thousand words." Big data analytics is a great example of this corollary. With User Experience (UX) at the core and algorithms the driving force of data science, User Interface (UI) plays an important role in data visualization. UI design is the layer of interaction with the user that enables absorption and insights to make things actionable. A JavaScript framework is in buzz and everyone keeps discussing these frameworks and also debating about the best one. At first, a question arises, Why do I need Framework? In case you are not sure what a JavaScript (Client-Side) framework is? It is a technology providing us with the right tools to build intuitive, interactive, and attractive Web Applications. Apart from that it also defines the way in which one can design an app and structure code. Most of the UI frameworks these days come with the predefined structure on how to use it and so you need to learn the core concepts. But, AngularJS has been the most used and sustained technologies since the introduction by Google corporation in 2012.

What is Angular?

Angular is an application design and development framework for creating quality SPAs and the higher versions are capable of creating complex applications. Angular is a framework created by Google.  Mostly, developers use it to build client-side applications. It is a platform that enables you to combine declarative templates, dependency injection, end-to-end tooling, and to solve development challenges with integrated practices.

You will find the documentation in TypeScript (by Microsoft) as it is built using TypeScript language, a superscript for JavaScript which supports high-security. It helps reduce errors in the development stage and also during maintenance tasks.

Angular comes with POJO (Plain Old JavaScript Object), which enables manipulation by providing all the JS functionalities (Conventional). Angular is embedded with the original MVC software architectural setup. As it does not split code into different Model View and Control components Angular resembles MVVM (Model–View–ViewModel) design structure. 

All versions of Angular use dependency injection. Injection of DI is used in various link functions, controller functions, directive definitions, and on the other hand Angular implements a hierarchical dependency injection system using basic functionalities like declarations, constructor functions, and providers.

There are several interface elements independent of each other, offering you several benefits, including Reusability, Simplified Testing, Improved Readability, Ease of Maintenance, etc.

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Difference between AngularJS and Angular

One has to choose between versions to use Angular in Web Application – Angular JS or other. The higher versions of Angular are referred to as Angular 2+ as there were many upgrades.

Angular JS or as some say Angular 1 – was created in 2009. It is an open-source JavaScript framework from Google for developing web applications and it struck a chord with web developers immediately. AngularJS provided the development of SPAs that were highly responsive and of the quality user interface.

TypeScript is a superset of ES6. The new version is backward compatible with ES5 and thus Angular also has the benefits of lambda operators, iterators or reflection's mechanism of ES6. AngularJS comes with scope and controller. Variables have scope to be added with other variables that will be visible in View and Controller. While Angular does not have a scope or controllers. It uses a hierarchy of components. Components are directives with predefined templates. 

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There are some key differences in AngularJS and Angular:

1) Structure and Architecture:

AJS supports MVC (Model View Controller). Angular operates to get the required output.  AngularJS generates the pipelines that transform values into Angular templates.

2) Built-in Typescript:

TypeScript allows static typing in the development. It does not just improve performances but also clears runtime errors that made AJS incapable to be used in applications that are complex.

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3) Angular Command Line Interface

Angular 2+ works with their CLI. CLI plays a crucial role as it helps in completing projects fast and is helpful for services, generating components, and much more. AngularJS has no CLI support.

4) Expression of Syntax:

For data related works like binding and collecting Angular is comparatively more intuitive and interactive than AngularJS. () is used for event binding and [] is used for property binding in Angular. Whereas a JS developer has to remember the working ng directive.

5) Efficiency:

The upgrades come with improved efficiency if not new features. So, the higher versions of Angular are faster and easy to use than AngularJS. Developers believe that correctly developed applications in Angular can be 5X faster than the applications built in AngularJS.

As mentioned above the two way binding, the feature which made AngularJS famous is good with SPAs (Single Page Applications). But for complex applications, it is undoing. AngularJS checks variables by a digest cycle. This cycle is randomly generated and thus the/code/program expands impacting the application's output and performance. Contrary to that, Angular is based on a flux architecture, which makes applications much faster, where detection is changed through the unidirectional data flow.   

6)Mobile Application :

Angular 2+ versions support Mobile development while AngularJS doesn’t. This property limits the use of AngularJS. In the current scenario, the development of mobile applications is increasing and AngularJs is an antediluvian in the era of mobile computing.

Advantages of Angular

There are other factors apart from the above mentioned which proves one a good choice and vice versa. The features of Angular, unlike AJS, are self-sufficient and independent which is the reason why they are easy to test and ensure reusability. There are in-built extensions that help with server-side loading and rendering which allows developers to synchronize both, server and client content and aids much to SEO. These are some the advantages of Angular or AngularJS

Disadvantages of Angular

There are flaws of Angular such as a steep learning curve and hard for you to learn in TypeScript on a quick note. With the arrival of frameworks, developers like quick development. They don’t work well with statically and long typed languages. The components of the Angular are hard to manage and are very complex. The incomplete documentation is the regular complaint of developers and engineers.

Advantages of AngularJS

Easy to learn and to implement. As the base of AngularJS is JavaScript, that makes it more popular. The two-way data binding facilities are faster and data binding is easier. It decreases development time remarkably. AngularJS architecture ( MVVM and MVC ) separates data and design and that makes it easy to maintain.

AngularJS Disadvantages

The application will not run if the system is running an AngularJS application while the JavaScript is disabled. You should have worked with MVC in order to efficiently use AngularJS. The considerable limitation is the inability of AngularJS to support mobile app development.

Looking at the number of advantages, Angular might make sense to you. But you must remember the point about the learning curve of Angular. Well, choosing with the versions of Angular you might pick the latest one but if you possess a fair, single page or simple application AngularJS can be a smart choice for you to work with. For a complex and scalable application with more features, it is likely to go with the latest version of Angular.

There is a company named Angular Development. Here, you can get some good developers. Learning and using Angular is the right decision. 

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Angular Versions

AngularJS is the first version and then the rest of the naming started with Angular 2. This led to confusion among the developers as Angular 2 was a rewrite of AngularJS. To solve the confusion, the Angular Team announced separate terms that should be used for each framework. The versions of AngularJS will be referred to as 1.x.x. and of Angular without "JS" referring to version 2 and so on.

Angular 2:

Angular 2 is mostly the rewrite of the first JS version. It uses a component-based approach. The prevalent use of Angular2 is in developing HTML and JavaScript Web apps. The final version was released on September 14th, 2016.

There was an angular router with the version 3.x. Now releasing Angular with version 3 will create confusion with its router 4 and other upgrades. To avoid this confusion Google's Igor Minar said at the NG-BE 2016 conference that Google will skip Angular version 3 and name the next upgrade as Angular 4. That will correlate with the router planned for the usage along with the release.

Angular 4:

Angular 4 is backward compatible with version 2 which is a typescript based open-source and front-end app development framework. The final version after few upgrades of Angular 4 was released on March 23, 2017

It was not a complete rewrite there were three major changes to it:

● Introducing HTTPClient, an easier, smaller, and more powerful library for making HTTP Requests.

● Feature to disable animation on conditions

● New router life cycle events joining the life cycle event such as Navigation start. Four new events like GuardsCheckStart, Guardschecked, ResolveStart, resolved.

The above are the features of Angular 4.3.

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Angular 5:

This was more advanced and enhanced with more features than the previous upgrades. To remove dead or unnecessary codes from their applications is one of the best features of Angular 5. Other than that the support of progressive web apps, a built optimizer and improvements related to design, code-sharing, less time for assembling dynamic web applications, and so on. Also, it has DOM support which helps the compiler with incremental compilation. This version was launched on November 1, 2017.

Angular 6:

The improvements were better than Angular 5. The major focus was on the toolchain and making it more compatible and easier to move quickly with Angular. Angular 6 was developed to prefer web parts that are a part of mostly cutting-edge web browsers. The component of the Angular Web can be used in various HTML pages.

The ng update, add, Angular Elements, AMSC (Angular Material Starter Components), Command Line Interface Workspaces, Library support, Angular Material + CDK Components, Tree Shakeable Providers, and RxJS v6. It was released on May 4, 2018

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Angular 7:

There were major upgrades on Application Performance, Angular Material & Component Dev Kit (CDK), Virtual Scrolling, Improved Accessibility and dealing with Selects, also the support of Content Projection using web standard for custom elements. There were some dependency updates regarding Typescript 3.1, RxJS 6.3. Node 10 along with the support of Node 8. Angular 7 was released on October 18, 2018.

Angular 8:

Angular 8 featured different loading and handling for all application code, TypeScript 3.4 Support, Angular Ivy as a preview (opt-in preview), Dynamic imports for lazy routes, web workers. Angular 8's Ivy opt-in previews include:

● Generation of code which is easy to read and debug at Runtime.

● Faster rebuild time

● Improved template type checking

● Backward Compatibility.

Angular 8 was released on May 28, 2019.

Angular 9:

The latest version so far is Angular 9, released on February 6, 2020. It moves all the applications to use (by default) the Ivy compiler at runtime. There were upgrades with TypeScript 3.6 and 3.7. Also for better quality output and dropping minor errors, there were hundreds of bug fixes and the Ivy compiler during compilation and runtime offers several other advantages:

● Improved CSS classes and style compatibility, features and binding

● Updated type checking

● Smaller sizer of the bundle

● Faster Testing

● Faster and Better Debugging

● Improved Build Errors

● Updated build times, and  enabling AOT on by default

● Improved  Internationalisation.

Since the release of Angular 9, the team has moved all new applications and will improve bundle sizes and development speeds.


We have discussed Frameworks, the use of it, Introduction and Versions of Angular, Difference between AngularJS and Angular 2+. Features of different versions of Angular. Hopefully, you've got the overall idea of the Angular Framework.

Angular is a great framework and it will have many improvements making it an obvious option for developing web applications.

For the long term support (LTS) for Angular, Google has further positioned it with the scalable and resource-intensive projects.

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Kavya Gowda
Kavya Gowda
Research Analyst
Kavya works for HKR Trainings institute as a technical writer with diverse experience in many kinds of technology-related content development. She holds a graduate education in the Computer science and Engineering stream. She has cultivated strong technical skills from reading tech blogs and also doing a lot of research related to content. She manages to write great content in many fields like Programming & Frameworks, Enterprise Integration, Web Development, SAP, and Business Process Management (BPM). Connect her on LinkedIn and Twitter.