Agile Scrum Methodologies

Delivering the products on time is key to any organization's success. It not only improves customer satisfaction but also increases the organization's growth. To make sure the product development process is effective and efficient, many companies adopt agile-based methodology while developing the product. Every organization has a scrum tool to manage their product development phases. So what exactly agile or scrum mean? People often get confused between these two. In this post, we will give you a detailed overview of all these keywords. We will also explain what agile scrum methodology is and what are the roles in it. Let us get started.

What is agile?

Agile is a methodology that is based on iterative development. It is used to manage a project by breaking it down to several stages. It ensures consistent collaboration between cross-functional teams at every stage of the project development. It enforces frequent inspection and adaptation. It engineers a set of best practices that promotes the rapid delivery of high-quality products. Agile makes sure that the products meet customer needs and company goals. 

The stages start with customers explaining what the end product is, and their expectations are to the project team. Then the process of planning, executing, and evaluating occurs. These stages might change to better fit customer needs. Agile is developed by 17 people and launched in 2001. The agile manifesto revolves around the below four core values.

  • Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
  • Working software over comprehensive documentation
  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
  • Responding to change over following a plan

Principles of agile

The agile methodology revolves around 12 main principles based on the agile manifesto. These principles support the project team that formats collaborative productivity.

Customer satisfaction - It is always the highest priority to satisfy the customer. Customers will be happier when they receive a good working product or software.

Early and continuous delivery - The product delivery should be early, so the customer can give feedback. Then the team can have enough time to work on the feedback and continuously deliver the valuable product.

Embrace change - Customers' needs always tend to change based on changing market trends. The software or product should be relevant to the latest needs and give the customer a competitive advantage.

Frequent delivery - Deliver a new version of software or product within a short timescale. So there will be a lesser chance of bugs in the final product. 

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The collaboration of businesses and developers - This means that the developers and the business people interact with each other on a daily basis. This will enable mutual understanding between both parties so there is no loss of information in the communication.

Motivated individuals - The development team is responsible for producing quality software. They should be provided with the environment and support that they need.

Face-to-face conversation - A face-to-face conversation is the most effective method of communication for the development team. The asynchronous communication may lead to misunderstandings.

Functional products - A functional product is the measure of progress in any project. It is important to deliver a viable product to the customer at the end of each stage.

Technical excellence - A good technical design enables a good viable product. The technical design is as important as the development itself. It ensures the technical quality of the final product.

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Simplicity - We should search for places where some procedures are not relevant and remove them. Try and automate manual work, use existing libraries to save time and money.

Self-organized teams - If the development team is motivated enough and communicate with each other regularly, then the higher management won't have to control the team.

Related Article: Top Agile Project Management tools

Regulation, reflection, and adjustment - The team should look at the way that they are working at regular intervals and adjust their performance accordingly. 

What is scrum?

Scrum is a lightweight process framework of agile methodology. It is used to manage tasks within the development team environment. We can manage complex software and product development by working in small teams. 

It enforces using iterative and incremental practices throughout the development stages. It enables the team to learn based on their experiences. It allows the team to adjust smoothly to the changing requirements. It is said to be a collection of meetings, roles, and tools that helps the team manage the workload.

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Difference between agile and scrum

  • Agile and scrum may look similar, but here are the key differences between them. 
  • Scrum is a subset of agile. It is a flexible methodology for software development.
  • Agile is more flexible and scrum is rigid.
  • Agile involves face-to-face communication between the stakeholders. Scrum involves daily stand-up meetings to achieve collaboration.
  • Scrum-based development and design can be innovative and experimental. In agile, product design and execution is simple.
  • Agile follows continuous iteration of development and testing. Scrum follows delivering the product in the shortest time.
  • A leader plays a vital role in agile. Scrum is more of a self-organized cross-functional team.

Agile scrum methodology

Agile Scrum methodology is a project management system that is based on product development in iterations. Each iteration will be of two to four-week sprints. Each sprint will have individual tasks that make up a viable product. Features are added to the product in each sprint and make the product deliverable by the end. Customers can give feedback between the sprints, and the sprints are adjusted based on the changes required. 

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The agile scrum methodology provides several iterations of the product to the customer that has a high value in the shortest time. The development team should be meet the goals within the time frame of each sprint. It enables frequent planning and goal setting for the current sprint. 

Roles in agile scrum methodology

It has the following three scrum roles and responsibilities.

Scrum Master - It is similar to a project leader. A scrum master is responsible for setting up the team, sprint planning, and communicates with the customer. They remove roadblocks and obstacles that the team might face, and makes sure that scrum rules are being followed. They also conduct daily scrum meetings

Related Article: Agile Prioritization Techniques

Product owner - A product owner is usually a customer. They are responsible for creating product backlogs, prioritizes the backlog, etc. They determine product expectations, record changes made to the product during each stage. They check and approve the features of the product at the end of each sprint. 

Scrum Team - They are the core development team that will carry out the actual work. They have to manage their work and organize themselves to complete the product development according to the sprints. The team size should range from five to nine resources. The team is responsible for delivering the product at the end of each sprint. 

Advantages of agile scrum methodology

Since the development is based on sprints, the development team receives feedback at the end of each sprint. The team can then work on the changes and adjust the product in line with the final deliverable product. The product design and execution in agile scrum methodology is very precise, so it is important to follow it properly. Here are the primary advantages of agile scrum methodology.

  • Flexibility and adaptivity
  • Creativity and innovation
  • Time-to-market
  • Lower costs
  • Improved quality
  • Customer satisfaction
  • Employee satisfaction
  • Organizational synergy

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Traditional project management methods involve developing the product in a single iteration. When this product is given to customers, they might give changes that take a lot of time to implement. Since the agile scrum is iteration based, it ensures that the product exactly meets the customer needs. When agile scrum methodology is applied in the right way, it can yield huge advantages to the organization. It will pave the road to any projects' success.

Related Article:

1. Agile VS Scrum

2. Best Agile Certifications

3. Scaled Agile Framework

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Research Analyst
As a Senior Writer for HKR Trainings, Sai Manikanth has a great understanding of today’s data-driven environment, which includes key aspects such as Business Intelligence and data management. He manages the task of creating great content in the areas of Digital Marketing, Content Management, Project Management & Methodologies, Product Lifecycle Management Tools. Connect with him on LinkedIn and Twitter.